What’s in US President Joe Biden’s bipartisan gun violence bill? | Explainer News

New legislation is probably the most sweeping gun violence invoice in many years and follows a spate of mass shootings in the USA.

US President Joe Biden signed into legislation probably the most sweeping gun violence invoice in many years, a bipartisan compromise that appeared unimaginable till a current sequence of mass shootings.

Citing the households of taking pictures victims he met, the president stated: “Their message to us was, ‘Do one thing’. What number of instances did we hear that? ‘Simply do one thing. For God’s sake, simply do one thing.’ Immediately we did.

“It’s time, when it appears not possible to get something completed in Washington, we’re doing one thing consequential.”

Listed here are some highlights of the invoice that Biden signed on Saturday:

Expanded background checks:

  • State and native juvenile and psychological well being information of gun purchasers will likely be a part of federal background checks for patrons age 18 to twenty years.
  • The three-day most for gathering information will likely be lengthened to as much as 10 days to go looking juvenile information.
  • If 10 days lapse and not using a decision, the sale will undergo.

‘Boyfriend loophole’:

  • Convicted home violence offenders will likely be denied weapons if they’ve a present or previous “persevering with critical relationship of a romantic or intimate nature” with a sufferer.
  • An abuser’s proper to purchase firearms will likely be restored after 5 years if no further violent crimes are dedicated.
  • Firearms are at present denied to home abusers if they’re married, reside with or had a baby with a sufferer.

Crimson flag legal guidelines:

  • Federal support will likely be given to the 19 states, plus the District of Columbia, which have legal guidelines serving to authorities get court docket orders to quickly take away weapons from individuals deemed harmful. These states will want sturdy processes for difficult the taking of firearms. Different states might use cash for disaster intervention packages.

Psychological well being:

  • The invoice will increase neighborhood behavioural well being clinics, assist states bolster psychological well being packages in faculties and supply extra psychological well being consultations remotely.

Training:

  • The invoice will enhance spending on faculty psychological well being, disaster intervention, violence prevention packages, psychological well being employee coaching and faculty security.

Federally licensed gun sellers:

  • Present legislation requires that individuals “engaged within the enterprise” of promoting weapons be licensed, which implies they have to conduct background checks. The invoice defines that as promoting firearms ‘‘to predominantly earn a revenue”, in an effort to prosecute individuals who evade that requirement.

Gun traffickers:

  • The invoice will create federal crimes for gun traffickers and “straw purchasers” who purchase weapons for individuals who wouldn’t move background checks.
  • The penalties are as much as 25 years in jail.
  • Such offenders at the moment are primarily prosecuted for paperwork violations.

Price:

  • The nonpartisan Congressional Funds Workplace estimates the price of the invoice at $13 billion, principally for psychological well being and faculties.

PM Hasina opens Bangladesh’s longest bridge over River Padma | News

Dhaka, Bangladesh – Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has inaugurated a landmark bridge over the turbulent Padma River after years of delay as a consequence of allegations of corruption that pressured the World Financial institution to stroll away from the practically $4bn mega mission, which is able to join Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka to the underdeveloped northwestern area of the nation.

The opening on Saturday of the eponymous Padma Bridge – Bangladesh’s longest bridge so far which has been dubbed a “image of nationwide delight” – marks a momentous event within the South Asian nation’s historical past.

The development of the 6.15km (3.82 miles) bridge started in November 2015 to attach 21 districts of the nation’s southwestern area with Dhaka through highway and rail, thereby chopping journey time significantly.

It often takes 15 to 22 hours to cowl a distance of 180-300km (111-186 miles) between the districts of the northeast area and Dhaka.

The double-layer metal truss bridge incorporates a four-lane freeway on an higher stage together with a single-track railway on the decrease stage.

With a building price of $3.87bn, this is among the largest mega tasks Bangladesh has ever undertaken and all the quantity is financed by the Bangladesh authorities.

In 2012, the World Financial institution had withdrawn from a $1.2bn mortgage settlement for the mission following allegations of corruption. Following swimsuit, different donors, together with Asian Improvement Financial institution (ADB) and Japan Worldwide Cooperation Company (JICA), additionally pulled out of the mission.

Hasina, who spearheaded efforts to construct the bridge, famously declared that her authorities would self-fund the mission.

Her determination confronted a battery of scepticism from the nation’s economists in addition to political opponents since Bangladesh didn’t have any expertise in constructing such mega infrastructure with out monetary assist from multilateral donors.

“Some folks mentioned we’d at all times be beholden to others, however our Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman taught us the significance of self-respect,” Hasina mentioned, addressing a sea of individuals on Saturday.

Sheikh Rahman was Bangladesh’s founding father who led the motion to secede from Pakistan in 1971.

“This Padma Bridge just isn’t a pile of brick and cement, however an emblem of Bangladesh’s delight, honour and skill,” she mentioned.

“Now we have proven the world that we will.”

An engineering marvel

Terming it as an “engineering marvel”, consultants say the development of the bridge is a good feat because the Padma is essentially the most “treacherous and unpredictable” river after the Amazon River of South America.

China’s state-owned Railway Main Bridge Engineering Group (RMBEG) was tasked to guide the development of the bridge with the assistance of about 1,200 Bangladeshi engineers.

With metal piles being pushed 122 metres (400 ft) deep into the river mattress, Padma Bridge has the document of getting the deepest piling amongst all of the bridges on the earth.

The bridge mission director, Shafiqul Islam, advised Al Jazeera that the water that flows at Mawa level (one finish of the bridge) each 20 seconds is the same as the full quantity of water utilized in Dhaka metropolis a day.

“After Amazon, Padma has the strongest present [roughness in water] on the earth. So we needed to go for piling that’s the thickest and deepest on the earth,” he mentioned.

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Saturday inaugurated a landmark bridge over the turbulent Padma River.
‘Now we have proven the world that we will,’ PM Hasina mentioned addressing a sea of individuals on Saturday [Mahmud Hossain Opu/Al Jazeera]

Mentioning one other distinctive function of the bridge, Islam mentioned, fashionable friction pendulum bearings (FPB) have been used to assist the metal superstructure and the concrete pier basis.

“Such bearings have by no means been used wherever on the earth earlier than they usually can stand up to a magnitude 9 earthquake,” he mentioned, including that the bridge bearings can maintain greater than 10,000 tonnes, exceeding the restrict of every other construction on the earth.

Islam mentioned as they confronted a plethora of engineering challenges, the price of the mission rose to nearly 3 times the preliminary estimate of $1.2bn.

“Apart from, the devaluation of Bangladeshi forex Taka has performed a serious function in elevating the associated fee, as greater than half of the mission’s expenditure has been paid in overseas forex.”

Why a major construction?

Situated some 68km (42 miles) from Dhaka, the Padma Bridge will work as a gateway to the nation’s southwestern area and can considerably cut back journey time between Dhaka and main southeastern districts, together with Khulna, Jessore and Barishal.

It can additionally slash the gap between Dhaka and Bangladesh’s second-largest seaport, Mongla, by 100km (62 miles).

The mighty Padma separates the southwest area from Dhaka and individuals are pressured to journey on ferries or launches that make gradual journeys. Perishable items transported to Dhaka from southwestern districts by truck usually rot as a result of on the lengthy journey that may typically take 22-24 hours as a result of lengthy tailback in ferry stations.

In keeping with a examine by the government-run Bridge Division, the Padma Bridge will save a complete of 187,727 hours of ready for ferries per day for two,620 autos. It’s estimated that with the opening of the bridge, about 24,000 autos will cross the river day by day – a major soar from the present variety of 2,620.

The examine additionally identified that the financial affect of the bridge will assist enhance the annual gross home product (GDP) of the southwest area by 2.5 % and the general GDP of the nation by greater than 1.23 %.

Economist Selim Raihan, who carried out a examine on the financial affect of the bridge, mentioned its primary profit is that it’s going to join southwestern districts – recognized for fishing and agriculture – to the financial lifeline of Bangladesh – the Dhaka-Chattogram financial hall.

“As communication and transportation over Padma River had been solely reliant on ferries, a lot industrialisation didn’t happen within the southwestern districts to date,” he advised Al Jazeera.

“Readymade garment sector – Bangladesh’s most outstanding business and primary export earner – has remained utterly absent from these districts.”

“I imagine, traders and industrialists shall be to take a position there that may spark an enormous financial progress.”

Afghanistan’s remote and poor villages hardest hit by earthquake | News

Gayan, Paktika – Within the early morning hours of Wednesday June 22, the mud houses on this distant a part of southeastern Afghanistan started to tremble and collapse beneath the drive of a 5.9 magnitude earthquake.

Panicked residents tried to wake their sleeping kinfolk. However for tons of of households, there was no time.

Inside minutes the mud roofs on the houses in Gayan district, the place poor households of as much as 15 individuals lived collectively, got here crashing down on these nonetheless inside.

Within the hours that handed after these first terrifying tremors, the dying toll climbed.

By the point residents within the Afghan capital, Kabul, awoke to the information of the earthquake within the distant jap areas of the nation, the variety of lifeless had already reached 90. It will exceed 1,000 lifeless, together with at the very least 121 kids, by the night.

Three days later, the dying toll has exceeded 1,100, and tons of are injured.

“Each home right here has misplaced a number of individuals; everybody’s homes are destroyed. No matter we had is now gone,” mentioned Ali Khan, recounting how 10 relations had been killed within the earthquake, together with kids.

Having grown up in Gayan, the 35-year-old mentioned the financial situations of native villagers had been an element within the scale of the destruction and the dying toll.

Nestled in rocky, unpaved mountains and hillsides, the remoteness of those poor villages and their rudimentary houses of mud and wooden had been cited as a significant reason for the fatalities amongst residents in Khost and Paktika – the 2 provinces that had been most affected by the earthquake.

“Everyone seems to be poor right here, they construct easy homes with what they’ve,” mentioned Khan, as he surveyed the cracked partitions of his household’s mud house atop a dry, dusty hill on this distant area of the nation.

‘You don’t know who to assist first’

The Afghan Ministry of Defence started deploying helicopters to the affected districts on Wednesday morning, however by mid-afternoon these flights needed to be halted as a consequence of torrential rain, hail, and closely clouded situations over Kabul and neighbouring provinces.

Well being staff in Paktia province, house to the regional hospital for Afghanistan’s southeastern zone, advised Al Jazeera that the delayed helicopter flights drastically affected the flexibility of support staff and medical professionals to help these most in want.

When the helicopter flights did resume, the demand was overwhelming.

One pilot conducting flights between Paktika and neighbouring Paktia province, mentioned he couldn’t imagine what he noticed every time his helicopter landed in one of many affected areas.

“You don’t know who to assist first, it’s only a rush of individuals making an attempt desperately to get on board,” he mentioned, restarting the engine of his helicopter for yet one more flight.

Samira Sayed Rahman, communication and advocacy coordinator on the Worldwide Rescue Committee (IRC), mentioned her organisation had deployed cell medical models to Khost and Paktika, however that the necessity remained nice.

IRC was lucky that that they had groups within the two provinces and in Kabul who had been aware of the communities and the geography of the affected areas, Sayed Rahman mentioned.

“Our cell well being staff in Spera (district) reported that many of the deaths, and the victims they’re treating within the district, are of girls.”

Haji Mirwais has been on the bottom since Wednesday, main an evaluation staff and dealing with a number of native NGOs to convey help to survivors of the earthquake.

When Mirwais initially arrived in Gayan district, he was shocked by what he noticed. Nothing, he mentioned, might have ready him for the extent of destruction he witnessed.

“We counted 1,700 houses that had been in want of whole rebuilding. There weren’t houses anyplace, it was simply items of mud and wooden splattered all over the place,” he advised Al Jazeera by cellphone.

“Paktika is in an terrible state,” Mirwais mentioned, including that support has been pouring in from worldwide organisations, companies, native NGOs, and personal donors, but it surely nonetheless was not sufficient to deal with the extent of want.

Native sources advised Al Jazeera that at the very least 4 of 19 districts in Paktika skilled extreme injury. In keeping with the United Nations, at the very least 200 individuals died in Gayan.

A Taliban helicopter takes off after bringing aid to an area affected by an earthquake in Gayan, Afghanistan, June 23, 2022 [Ali Khara/Reuters]
A Taliban helicopter takes off after bringing support to an space affected by an earthquake in Gayan, Afghanistan, on June 23, 2022 [Ali Khara/Reuters] (Reuters)

‘I really feel that ache, even right here in Europe’

Afghans at house and overseas have launched their very own support campaigns to help victims of the quake.

“Wherever it could be on the map, if individuals in Afghanistan are struggling, I really feel that ache, even right here in Europe,” mentioned Shafi Karimi, an Afghan journalist primarily based in France, who has began a web-based fundraising marketing campaign hoping to lift 10,000 euros to assist victims.

“We could also be distant now, however we will’t overlook our individuals,” mentioned Karimi, explaining that he wished his fundraising effort to function a mannequin for Afghans overseas whether or not they left the nation within the final 12 months – because the Taliban retook energy – or a long time in the past.

“I do know it’s not a lot, however possibly I may also help a household rebuild one in every of their rooms, or on the very least put some meals on their desk,” he mentioned.

Pashtana Durrani, an schooling rights advocate presently finding out in america, mentioned she had initially “sworn off” humanitarian work, however mentioned that the reviews of devastation popping out of essentially the most affected zones had pushed her to start out fundraising efforts and to accomplice with native grassroots teams and NGOs in Afghanistan. She hopes her support effort will attain these most in want.

“There have to be people who find themselves making an attempt their greatest to serve the affected individuals as an alternative of categorising them primarily based on ethnicity or which aspect they fought on,” Durrani mentioned.

“The least I can do is present some small assist in order that they don’t have to fret about the place they sleep or what to eat.”

Persevering with sanctions and restrictions on banking in Afghanistan because the Taliban takeover are additional complicating the fundraising efforts of each Durrani and Karimi.

They each wish to concentrate on elevating as a lot cash as attainable, and getting it on to individuals in want with out having to take care of the restrictions positioned on banking in Afghanistan.

Durrani mentioned she wished to make use of an app to ship cash, however that the charges can be too excessive. Karimi mentioned that even once-reliable providers similar to Western Union and MoneyGram are proving overly difficult on account of the worldwide restrictions placed on banking after the Taliban returned to energy final August.

“It’s so tough to get cash into the nation these days, however we are going to discover a strategy to do it. We now have to, for the individuals, this once they want us essentially the most,” he mentioned.

Durrani and Karimi will not be alone of their fundraising efforts. Afghans all over the place have began to assist, together with Rashid Khan, Afghanistan’s star cricket participant, who has began a web-based assortment, promising that each cent collected will go on to the victims of the earthquake.