Iran deploys more centrifuges as it proposes new round of talks | Nuclear Energy News

Tehran, Iran – Iran has begun the method of feeding gasoline into cascades of latest centrifuges as its high diplomat proposed a brand new spherical of negotiations in Vienna to revive the nation’s 2015 nuclear take care of world powers.

Behrouz Kamalvandi, spokesman of the Atomic Power Organisation of Iran (AEOI), advised state tv Monday evening that an order was given to start feeding gasoline into “lots of” of each first-generation IR-1 and superior IR-6 machines.

He mentioned the Worldwide Atomic Power Company (IAEA) was knowledgeable of the transfer, which in keeping with Kamalvandi is consistent with a December 2020 parliament regulation that demanded elevated uranium enrichment utilizing superior machines till such a time that unilateral United States sanctions are lifted.

This got here hours after Iran’s International Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian mentioned Tehran is reviewing what was billed as a last proposed textual content by the European Union’s international coverage chief Josep Borrell final week to “conclude” negotiations that started within the Austrian capital in April 2021.

“We have now introduced our readiness so in a specified time the delegations of Iran, 4+1 and the US – not directly – can observe up on their talks in Vienna to pursue outcomes,” Amirabdollahian mentioned in reference to the nuclear-deal events China, Russia, France, Germany, and the UK.

 

The negotiations in Vienna to revive the Joint Complete Plan of Motion (JCPOA), because the deal is formally identified, have been placed on “pause” in March after most points have been resolved, leaving solely a handful of impactful factors left that have to be determined politically.

However oblique negotiations between Tehran and Washington have since stalled, and a two-day spherical of talks in Qatar in late June additionally concluded with out progress. It’s nonetheless unclear whether or not the US and its European allies will comply with a brand new spherical of talks whereas the EU has referred to as for a last political resolution on its proposed textual content.

For his half, the Iranian international minister on Monday reiterated that Tehran needs its “crimson strains” thought of in a possible settlement, which he mentioned might materialise if Washington reveals “flexibility” and a “sensible” strategy.

Throughout a convention in New York on Monday geared toward reviewing the events to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken mentioned a restored JCPOA stays the “finest consequence” for international nonproliferation.

The US unilaterally deserted the deal in 2018 beneath former President Donald Trump, imposing harsh sanctions which have since been enforced and expanded upon by President Joe Biden.

The Biden administration imposed new sanctions on Monday to focus on Iran’s petrochemical exports, a transfer that Iran’s international ministry denounced as a continuation of the “failed US most stress coverage” and in addition as a result of it got here as dozens of Iranians have died because of flash floods throughout the nation.

‘In a position however not planning to make a bomb’

Addressing the identical convention, IAEA Director-Common Rafael Grossi mentioned if Tehran needs to show the peacefulness of its nuclear programme, it should grant “full info” to the company.

“The dearth of progress in verifying the peaceable nature of Iran’s nuclear programme could have penalties on the regional safety panorama,” he mentioned.

Iran dismantled 27 company cameras coated by the JCPOA in June after a decision censuring its inadequate cooperation with the company was put ahead by the US, UK, France and Germany and was handed by the company’s board of governors.

The developments come as a number of high-ranking Iranian officers have mentioned in latest weeks that Iran has the technical capacity to make a nuclear bomb, but it surely has no plans to take action.

Iran’s nuclear chief Mohammad Eslami was broadly quoted by Iranian media as making that assertion on Monday, however AOEI spokesman Kamalvandi rapidly sought to make clear, saying Eslami was “misunderstood and misjudged” by the media when he mentioned that.

“Iran’s strategic potential and navy energy is deterrent sufficient to repel any international threats, thus rendering it pointless for the nation to design and develop nuclear weapons,” Kamalvandi mentioned.

However two different figures, advisers to Supreme Chief Ayatollah Ali Khamenei – Kamal Kharrazi and Mohammad Javad Larijani – have mentioned prior to now month that Iran has the power however no plan to construct nuclear weapons, signaling new rhetoric in Tehran’s messaging to the West.

Iran’s official stance stays that it by no means has and by no means will search a bomb, in accordance with a ruling by the supreme chief.

Outrage as another Kashmiri journalist stopped from flying abroad | Freedom of the Press News

One more Kashmiri journalist has been stopped by the Indian authorities from flying overseas as outrage grows over a seamless clampdown on press freedom in Indian-administered Kashmir and its residents.

Impartial journalist Aakash Hassan, 25, was on his solution to Sri Lanka for a reporting task final week when immigration officers at New Delhi airport barred him from boarding the flight, making him the fourth Kashmiri journalist in a few 12 months to face the motion.

“I acquired my boarding cross and after I was on the immigration, I used to be instructed to attend on the aspect,” Hassan instructed Al Jazeera.

“Then I used to be taken to a room and interrogated by two individuals who didn’t establish themselves. They requested me what sort of journalism I do. They requested about my background,” he mentioned.

Hassan mentioned the interrogation continued for 5 hours.

“My passport and boarding cross had been stamped with ‘Stopped with out prejudice’ and my baggage was offloaded,” mentioned Hassan, who additionally shared footage of the stamping on Twitter.

The immigration officers, Hassan mentioned, didn’t present any justification for why he was stopped.

“They mentioned there was a lookout round issued on my identify however they denied disclosing which company had issued it,” he mentioned.

A lookout round is issued by India’s legislation enforcement companies to cease a person – both absconding or wished – from leaving the nation. It’s largely used at immigration checkpoints at worldwide airports.

Kashmir Press Club building is pictured through a closed gate
The Kashmir Press Membership in Srinagar was sealed by Indian authorities earlier this 12 months [File: Dar Yasin/AP]

‘Focused for our work’

Hassan mentioned there is no such thing as a legal case towards him.

“The worst factor is I don’t know who I ought to strategy. That is going to take a psychological toll on me. We’re being focused for our work,” he instructed Al Jazeera.

“It will jeopardise my future.”

Kashmiri journalists say issuing of lookout circulars towards them and stopping them from worldwide journey is a brand new development.

Final month, Pulitzer Prize-winning Kashmiri photojournalist Sanna Irshad Mattoo was prevented from flying to Paris for a photograph exhibition.

“I used to be shocked and heartbroken,” the 28-year-old then instructed Al Jazeera, including that she, like Hassan, didn’t have a legal case towards her.

Mattoo, a contributor to the Reuters information company, was a part of a four-member group of photojournalists that received the Pulitzer final 12 months for his or her protection of the COVID-19 disaster in India.

Final 12 months, two different Kashmiri journalists – Zahid Rafiq and Ruwa Shah – had been barred from flying overseas.

In 2019, impartial journalist Gowhar Geelani was stopped at New Delhi airport when he was on his solution to Germany to hitch a job.

There have been comparable examples from outdoors Kashmir as properly.

In April this 12 months, Aakar Patel, former head of Amnesty Worldwide in India, mentioned he was stopped from flying to america due to a legal case filed towards the rights physique. Authorities mentioned Patel was on a “lookout round” issued by India’s Central Bureau of Investigation.

Days earlier than that, distinguished Indian journalist Rana Ayyub was additionally stopped from boarding a flight to London the place she was scheduled to deal with a press occasion. She was allowed to fly 5 days later after she approached a courtroom of legislation.

Some Kashmiris allege their passports weren’t being renewed by the Indian authorities.

“The passport verification course of has been pending for greater than six months,” a 30-year-old Kashmiri journalist who didn’t need to be recognized instructed Al Jazeera.

‘Systematic sample of harassment’

Kashmiri teachers and journalists finding out or working overseas say they concern visiting dwelling over the danger of being barred from flying again.

“They [authorities] have used all types of means to harass journalists, questioning them, harassing households, arrests and now stopping them from going out of India is a brand new problem,” Kashmiri journalist Ahmad who didn’t need to be recognized by his first identify instructed Al Jazeera.

“With every day, doing journalism in Kashmir is turning into inconceivable … Journalism in Kashmir is nearly lifeless,” he added.

Al Jazeera reached out to a number of authorities officers in Kashmir for his or her feedback on the problem. One official, talking on the situation of anonymity, justified the restrictions on Kashmiri journalists.

“It [the lookout circular] is being issued solely towards these people who peddle a sustained insidious narrative towards the [Indian] state. They [journalists] are a part of the ‘terror ecosystem’ and the state is inside its rights to subject lookout circulars towards such individuals,” he mentioned.

After India’s Hindu nationalist authorities stripped Kashmir of its restricted autonomy in 2019, the disputed area has witnessed a collection of crackdowns towards journalists and media organisations.

In January this 12 months, the Kashmir Press Membership – the biggest impartial media physique within the area – was dissolved by the federal government. Kashmiri journalists complain of being routinely summoned to police stations and interrogated about their work.

Journalist Aasif Sultan in handcuffs on his way to judicial custody
Kashmiri journalist Aasif Sultan has been in jail for practically 4 years [File: Saqib Majeed/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images]

Some journalists have been booked underneath stringent legal guidelines, together with the Illegal Actions Prevention Act (UAPA) and the Public Security Act (PSA), which permit lengthy detention of an individual with out trial.

India is ranked a hundred and fiftieth within the World Press Freedom Index 2022, down from 142 the earlier 12 months and at the moment under Hong Kong and Turkey.

“The journey bans are a part of a scientific sample of harassment towards Kashmiri journalists, who’ve more and more confronted arbitrary arrest, frivolous authorized circumstances, threats, bodily assaults, and raids since August 2019,” media watchdog the Committee to Shield Journalists (CPJ) tweeted final month.

Referring to Hassan’s case, CPJ mentioned, “Overseas governments should deal with arbitrary journey restrictions on Kashmiri journalists as severe violations of human rights in any engagement with the Indian authorities.”

Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director of Human Rights Watch, instructed Al Jazeera “arbitrary restrictions” on Kashmiri journalists travelling overseas had been “extraordinarily regarding” and violated their livelihood and freedom of motion.

Geeta Seshu, co-founder of the Free Speech Collective, an impartial organisation that advocates press freedom in India, mentioned “persevering with harassment and intimidation” of Kashmiri journalists by stopping them from flying overseas “smacks of discrimination”.

“It is usually disturbing because it seeks to ship a message to impartial journalists that their proper of free entry and mobility is incumbent on their obedience and acquiescence to the powers that be,” she instructed Al Jazeera.

“That is undemocratic and violates their basic proper to free expression. So many journalists from India have travelled to numerous bother spots, together with Sri Lanka, with out being stopped or curbed in any approach.”

Japan’s cats and dogs get wearable fans to beat scorching heat | Weather News

Tokyo clothes maker rolls out battery-operated fan for pets struggling via Japan’s blistering summer season climate.

A Tokyo clothes maker has teamed up with veterinarians to create a wearable fan for pets, hoping to draw the anxious homeowners of canines – or cats – that can’t shed their fur coats in Japan’s blistering summer season climate.

The gadget consists of a battery-operated, 80-gram (3-ounce) fan that’s hooked up to a mesh outfit and blows air round an animal’s physique.

Rei Uzawa, president of maternity clothes maker Candy Mommy, says she was motivated to create it after seeing her personal pet chihuahua exhausted each time it was taken out for a stroll within the scorching summer season warmth.

“There was virtually no wet season this 12 months, so the recent days got here early, and in that sense, I feel we developed a product that’s proper for the market,” she mentioned.

After the wet season in Tokyo resulted in late June, the Japanese capital suffered the longest heatwave on document, with temperatures as much as 35C (95 F) for 9 days.

“I often use dry ice packs [to keep the dogs cool]. However I feel it’s simpler to stroll my canines if now we have this fan,” mentioned Mami Kumamoto, 48, proprietor of a miniature poodle named Pudding and a terrier named Maco.

The gadget debuted in early July and Candy Mommy has acquired about 100 orders for the product, Uzawa mentioned. It is available in 5 totally different sizes and is priced at 9,900 yen ($75).