Ukraine hails ‘next step towards liberation’ as Russia retreats | Russia-Ukraine war News

After being encircled by Ukrainian forces, Russia pulled troops out from the strategic japanese Ukrainian metropolis of Lyman – the most recent victory for Kyiv’s counteroffensive that has humiliated and angered Moscow.

The announcement on Saturday got here a day after President Vladimir Putin proclaimed the annexation of 4 Ukrainian areas – together with Donetsk, the place Lyman is positioned – and positioned them underneath Russia’s nuclear umbrella, at a ceremony condemned by Kyiv and the West as an illegitimate farce.

“In reference to the creation of a risk of encirclement, allied troops have been withdrawn from the settlement of Krasny Liman to extra advantageous traces,” Russia’s defence ministry stated, utilizing the Russian identify of the town.

President Volodymyr Zelenskyy later stated in a video handle though the Ukrainian flag was flying within the metropolis, “preventing remains to be occurring there”.

He additionally indicated Ukrainian troops had taken the village of Torske, on the principle highway out of Lyman to the east.

The Russian assertion ended hours of official silence after Ukraine first stated it surrounded 1000’s of Russian troops within the space after which that its forces have been inside the town.

Ukraine’s defence ministry wrote on Twitter that “nearly all” the Russian troops in Lyman had both been captured or killed.

‘Drastic measures’

Situated 160km (100 miles) southeast of Kharkiv, Ukraine’s second-largest metropolis, Lyman is within the Donetsk area close to the border with Luhansk, two areas that Russia annexed on Friday.

“The Russian grouping within the space of Lyman is surrounded,” stated Serhii Cherevatyi, spokesperson for Ukraine’s japanese forces.

Russia has used Lyman as a logistics and transport hub for its operations within the north of the Donetsk area. Its seize could be Ukraine’s greatest battlefield acquire since a counterattack within the northeastern Kharkiv area final month.

The current Ukrainian successes have infuriated Putin allies akin to Ramzan Kadyrov, the chief of Russia’s southern Chechnya area, who stated he felt compelled to talk out.

“In my private opinion, extra drastic measures ought to be taken, proper as much as the declaration of martial legislation within the border areas and the usage of low-yield nuclear weapons,” Kadyrov wrote on Telegram.

Different prime Putin allies, together with former President Dmitry Medvedev, have urged Russia might must resort to nuclear weapons, however Kadyrov’s name was probably the most pressing and specific.

Putin stated final week he was not bluffing when he stated he was ready to defend Russia’s “territorial integrity” with all obtainable means, and on Friday made clear this prolonged to the brand new areas claimed by Moscow.

Washington says it could reply decisively to any use of nuclear weapons and has spelled out to Moscow the “catastrophic penalties” it could face.

‘Psychologically essential’

Two Ukrainian troopers taped the yellow-and-blue nationwide flag to the Lyman welcome signal at an entrance to the town, a video posted by the president’s chief of workers confirmed.

“October 1. We’re unfurling our state flag and establishing it on our land. Lyman shall be Ukraine,” one of many troopers stated.

Ukraine stated controlling Lyman would permit Kyiv to advance into the Luhansk area, whose full seize Moscow introduced in early July after weeks of grinding advances.

“Lyman is vital as a result of it’s the subsequent step in direction of the liberation of the Ukrainian Donbas. It is a chance to go additional to Kreminna and Severodonetsk, and it’s psychologically essential,” Cherevatyi stated.

Donetsk and Luhansk areas make up the broader Donbas area that has been a significant focus for Russia since quickly after the beginning of Moscow’s invasion on February 24 in what it calls a “particular army operation” to demilitarise its neighbour.

Putin proclaimed the Donbas areas of Donetsk and Luhansk and the southern areas of Kherson and Zaporizhia to be Russian land on Friday – a swath of territory equal to about 18 % of Ukraine’s complete floor land space.

Ukraine and its Western allies branded Russia’s transfer as unlawful. Kyiv promised to proceed liberating its land from Russian forces and stated it could not maintain peace talks with Moscow whereas Putin remained president.

In the meantime, on the Russian-annexed Crimean Peninsula, the governor of the town of Sevastopol introduced an emergency state of affairs at an airfield there. Explosions and big billows of smoke could possibly be seen by beachgoers within the Russian-held resort. Authorities stated a airplane rolled off the runway on the Belbek airfield, and stated ammunition on board had caught fireplace.

Ukrainian authorities accused Russian forces of targetting two humanitarian convoys in current days, killing dozens of civilians.

In different developments, in an obvious try and safe Moscow’s maintain on the newly annexed territory, Russian forces seized the director-general of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear energy plant, Ihor Murashov.

Brazil election: Social media content crafted for disruption | Elections

From: The Listening Submit

Brazil’s presidential candidates are combating pitched digital battles forward of the election. Plus, Nicaragua’s hostile media area.

In Brazil’s upcoming election, President Jair Bolsonaro shouldn’t be taking place with out a struggle. He has raised the prospect of electoral fraud, used outdated tips from his media playbook to unfold disinformation, and whereas the general public is extra attuned to those risks now than it was in 2018, there may be nonetheless rather a lot at stake.

Contributors:
Natalia Leal – CEO, Agencia Lupa
Luciana Coelho – Deputy managing editor, Folha de São Paulo
Juliana dal Piva – Columnist, UOL
Natalia Viana – Host, The Secret Lifetime of Jair podcast

On our radar:

At a time when 1000’s of Russian males are fleeing the nation for concern of being drafted and deployed to Ukraine, American whistleblower Edward Snowden has been granted citizenship. Producer Meenakshi Ravi seems again at Snowden’s journey that started nearly a decade in the past.

Nicaragua’s scattered journalists

Below President Daniel Ortega, as soon as a socialist revolutionary, Nicaragua has turn out to be a dwelling hell for journalists; arbitrary arrests, harassment and loss of life threats have turn out to be the day-to-day norm. Producer Tariq Nafi seems into Nicaragua’s nightmarish media surroundings and the journalists persevering with to indicate resistance.

Contributors:
Freelance Journalist, Nicaragua
Carlos Fernando Chamorro – Journalist and founder, Confidencial
Bianca Jagger – Human rights advocate

Nord Stream leaks likely single largest methane release ever: UN | Russia-Ukraine war News

The ruptures on the Nord Stream pure fuel pipeline system below the Baltic Sea have led to what’s doubtless the most important single launch of climate-damaging methane ever recorded, the United Nations Setting Programme (UNEP) has stated.

An enormous plume of extremely concentrated methane, a greenhouse fuel much more potent however shorter-lived than carbon dioxide, was detected in an evaluation this week of satellite tv for pc imagery by researchers related to the UNEP’s Worldwide Methane Emissions Observatory, or IMEO, the organisation stated on Friday.

“That is actually dangerous, most probably the most important emission occasion ever detected,” Manfredi Caltagirone, head of the IMEO for UNEP, informed Reuters.

“This isn’t useful in a second after we completely want to cut back emissions.”

Researchers at GHGSat, which makes use of satellites to observe methane emissions, estimated the leak charge from certainly one of 4 rupture factors was 22,920kg (round 50,000 lbs) per hour. That’s equal to burning about 630,000 kilos (round 286,000kg) of coal each hour, GHGSat stated in a press release.

“This charge may be very excessive, particularly contemplating it’s 4 days following the preliminary breach,” the corporate stated.

The IMEO tweeted on Saturday that new knowledge seems to point that the leakage of methane seems to be diminishing.

“New evaluation of information supplied by the satellite tv for pc Sentinel2 in the present day signifies a big discount within the estimated diameter of the methane plume – from 520m to 290m. The same discount can be noticed within the estimated focus of methane leaked within the pipeline rupture,” the IMEO stated,

 

At the least two underwater blasts, doubtless packing the drive of a bomb blast “equivalent to an explosive load of a number of hundred kilos” of explosives, prompted this week’s leaks in Baltic Sea fuel pipelines, the governments of Denmark and Sweden stated.

The blasts measured 2.3 and a couple of.1 on the Richter scale, leading to 4 leaks, venting fuel into the ocean. Two of the leaks are in Danish territory; one other two are in Swedish territory.

In a press release on Friday to the UN Safety Council, the 2 nations famous that the fuel plumes being vented had been disrupting air and sea vessels and could possibly be harmful to marine life. Moreover, greenhouse fuel is being launched into the atmosphere.

The leaks may proceed via a minimum of Sunday.

“All out there data signifies that these explosives are the outcomes of a deliberate act. Such acts are unacceptable, endanger worldwide safety and provides trigger for our deep concern,” the assertion learn.

Sweden’s coastguard additionally reported on Friday that the quantity of fuel leaking from the breach in its exclusion zone had diminished, after observing the scenario from the air.

The coastguard additionally identified that ships within the areas ought to now maintain a secure distance of seven nautical miles, (slightly below 13km), fairly than 5 nautical miles, as beforehand requested.

‘Most wasteful’

The entire quantity of methane leaking from the Gazprom-led pipeline system could also be increased than from a serious leak that occurred in December from offshore oil and fuel fields in Mexican waters of the Gulf of Mexico, which spilled about 100 tonnes of methane per hour, Caltagirone stated.

The Gulf of Mexico leak, additionally viewable from area, finally launched about 40,000 tonnes of methane over 17 days, in response to a examine carried out by the Polytechnic College of Valencia and revealed within the journal Environmental Science & Expertise Letters.

Improved satellite tv for pc expertise has quickly enhanced the flexibility of scientists to seek out and analyse greenhouse fuel emissions in recent times, one thing some governments hope will assist corporations detect and stop methane emissions.

The foremost leaks that immediately erupted within the Nord Stream fuel pipelines that run from Russia to Europe have generated loads of theories however few clear solutions about who or what prompted the harm.

Each Russia and the European Union have prompt the ruptures had been brought on by saboteurs.

Europe and the USA have heaped sanctions on Moscow in retaliation for its invasion of Ukraine, elevating worries the Kremlin will search to deprive Europe of essential vitality provides main into the winter.

Caltagirone stated, regardless of the trigger, the harm to the pipeline posed an issue past vitality safety.

“That is probably the most wasteful strategy to generate emissions,” he stated.