Over the wall: One Palestinian’s journey to Al-Aqsa Mosque | Israel-Palestine conflict

Occupied East Jerusalem – Ahmad’s day began early.

If he wished to get in to the Al-Aqsa Mosque for the final Friday of Ramadan, he must look ahead to greater than 11 hours in a single day, after which discover a possibility to leap over Israel’s separation wall.

The wall divides the occupied West Financial institution, the place Ahmad lives within the Aqabet Jaber refugee camp in Jericho, from the occupied East Jerusalem.

However the 20-year-old Ahmad doesn’t contemplate the barrier to be insurmountable – he’d made the leap earlier than, efficiently.

Due to his age, and the truth that he’s a Palestinian from the West Financial institution, Ahmad is unable to enter East Jerusalem. He must be over 50, or beneath 12, to get in on Fridays in Ramadan with out a difficult-to-obtain Israeli military allow. Ladies of all ages are additionally allowed in on the identical days. For the remainder of the yr, they’re all additionally excluded.

Regardless of these restrictions, Ahmad and his buddies will attempt to sneak in.

“[Going to Al-Aqsa is] deeply embedded in our hearts – it’s one thing that I can’t clarify,” Ahmad advised Al Jazeera. “That is holy land, and it’s occupied. We go to hope, and the presence of the occupation itself is a cause for us to go,” he advised Al Jazeera.

Ahmad and his buddies left their properties within the camp within the japanese occupied West Financial institution simply after midnight on Friday, and made it to the wall at 1am.

“We use a ladder to go up and we try the opposite facet. We throw down a rope and we go down slowly. Once we get all the way down to greater than half, we leap,” Ahmad defined.

Palestinians scale Israel's separation wall
Palestinian youth scale Israel’s separation wall [File: Faiz Abu Rmeleh/Al Jazeera]

Ahmad and his buddies had deliberate to be at Al-Aqsa at round 3am earlier than daybreak prayers, however they confronted an issue – Israeli border police forces occurred to be stationed on the different facet of the wall from the place they had been planning to leap.

The Israelis confiscated two of the group’s ladders, in accordance with Ahmad. However a number of hours later, they’d one other one.

By the morning, a lot of the younger Palestinians making an attempt to make the leap had given up, and gone again house.

However Ahmad and his shut buddies spent a sleepless evening ready, and had their pre-dawn meal in a close-by restaurant, earlier than beginning their quick, and ready for a possibility.

“We’re drained as a result of we haven’t slept since yesterday,” Ahmad stated within the morning. “The military [police] gained’t budge. We’ve been making an attempt all evening – we go up each occasionally to verify.”

“We simply wish to break our quick at Al-Aqsa, even when we don’t make it for Friday prayers. We wish to expertise that second. The shabab [youth] are adamant to go – they’re saying, ‘We don’t wish to return.’”

‘Stroll with confidence’

Lots of of Palestinians have jumped over Israel’s Separation Wall since its development started in 2002 throughout the Second Palestinian Intifada. The eight-metre-high concrete wall is lined with navy checkpoints, surveillance cameras and barbed wire.

Israel has claimed that the wall is for safety causes, and that it has diminished the variety of assaults in Israel, however 85 p.c of it falls deep contained in the occupied West Financial institution and annexes with it giant chunks of Palestinian territory occupied in 1967, together with East Jerusalem.

Rights teams have categorized Israel’s wall and the separation of the West Financial institution from East Jerusalem as a component of the extreme restrictions imposed on the motion of Palestinians within the occupied territories.

For Palestinians like Ahmad, these restrictions imply that they’re normally unable to go to Al-Aqsa, one in all Islam’s holiest websites, and a nationwide Palestinian image.

Thousands pray at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, occupied East Jersualem
Tens of hundreds prayed on the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound on the ultimate Friday of Ramadan, April 29, 2022 [Faiz Abu Rmeleh/Al Jazeera]

Ahmad was 17 earlier than he noticed Jerusalem for the primary time, on a faculty journey with a allow. His visits since have all concerned having to leap the wall.

However Ahmad stated he had by no means been stopped. One approach to mix in: carrying a silver chain necklace on the skin of his shirt, which he stated is the style amongst younger Palestinian males in Jerusalem.

“I additionally attempt to copy the best way that Jerusalemites discuss – they’re city individuals,” he stated between laughs, and talked about that it was necessary to “stroll with confidence”.

“The Previous Metropolis is stuffed with troopers – after all, in the event that they see you nervous, they might ask you about your ID. I stroll like I’m a son of the town,” remarked Ahmad.

“This manner, you mainly don’t present.”

‘Safety ban’

When Al Jazeera contacted Ahmad simply earlier than noon, most of his buddies had made the leap, however he had hung again, ready for his flip with one different good friend.

Within the meantime, Ahmad defined that his household, like hundreds of different Palestinians, have what is named a “safety ban”, and are usually not eligible for permits to enter Jerusalem or Israel.

Such military-issued orders are at occasions given to people who’ve served jail time or had been concerned in “safety offences’” in addition to their members of the family.

Regardless of not with the ability to journey into Israel legally, Ahmad nonetheless encounters Israeli forces, once they frequently raid the camp he lives in and arrest youths.

Ahmad additionally claimed that his eldest brother was as soon as shot within the thigh with dwell ammunition throughout confrontations with the Israeli navy.

All of which means that, for Ahmad, the concept of making use of for a navy allow, with such a low probability of success, is unpalatable.

“To be sincere, I’m ashamed to go and apply for a navy allow,” stated Ahmad. “It’s our land, I don’t perceive why I’ve to use for a navy allow … That is shameful and it feels horrible that we will’t go anytime.”

A man reads the Quran in Al -Aqsa Mosque, occupied East Jerusalem
Ahmad contained in the Qibli Mosque in Jerusalem on April 29, 2022 [Faiz Abu Rmeleh/Al Jazeera]

However leaping over the wall just isn’t straightforward. On Wednesday, which many Muslims believed to be “Laylat al-Qadr”, the holiest evening in Ramadan, the Palestinian Crimson Crescent stated it needed to take care of a number of accidents because of individuals leaping over the wall.

For some time, Ahmad’s buddies who had reached Al-Aqsa had not heard from him, and thought that he could haven’t made it throughout.

However, within the mid-afternoon, he arrived, glad, and relieved, to have made it by way of.

“It’s a really good feeling to have entered in spite of everything that effort – I’m glad and I really feel glad. I’m going to remain right here till iftar,” Ahmad advised Al Jazeera, from contained in the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound.

“It was very value it – I might have carried out extra to enter,” Ahmad added.

“Something we will do for Al-Aqsa, we do it. If I hadn’t gotten in, I might’ve saved making an attempt – and I’ll preserve coming again.”

Photos: ‘250,000’ attend Laylat al-Qadr prayers at Al-Aqsa | Gallery News

Islamic authorities in Jerusalem say 250,000 individuals gathered to attend prayers on the Al-Aqsa Mosque to mark Laylat al-Qadr, because the holy month of Ramadan continues.

The trustworthy congregated on the mosque, one in all Islam’s holiest websites, on Wednesday night, near the golden-topped Dome of the Rock. Muslims consider the Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven from the positioning.

Laylat al-Qadr, or Evening of Energy, is believed by Muslims to be the evening the primary verses of the Quran had been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. Laylat al-Qadr is alleged to fall on one of many odd nights of the final 10 days of Ramadan, with the precise evening unknown, though it’s generally believed to be the twenty seventh.

Worshippers gathered amid heightened tensions between Israel and the Palestinians following a string of lethal assaults inside Israel, arrest raids within the West Financial institution and assaults by Israeli police on Palestinians at Jerusalem’s most delicate holy website.

No incidents had been reported on Wednesday evening.

The Al-Aqsa Mosque compound can also be revered by Jews because the Temple Mount. They predominantly worship on the Wailing Wall, often known as the Buraq Wall in Arabic.

‘150,000 Palestinians’ attend Friday prayers at Al-Aqsa Mosque | Israel-Palestine conflict News

The third Friday prayers of Ramadan on the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in occupied East Jerusalem had been sandwiched by Israeli police attacks on Palestinians attending prayers, however that didn’t cease some 150,000 Palestinians travelling to the mosque to worship, in keeping with the Jerusalem Islamic Waqf.

Israeli forces raided the mosque on Friday after daybreak prayers, injuring not less than 31 Palestinians, together with three journalists, with rubber-coated bullets, stun grenades and tear gasoline. Israeli police mentioned the raids had been in response to Palestinians throwing rocks. Tear gasoline was additionally fired after Friday prayers, hitting Palestinians worshipping on the Dome of the Rock contained in the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound.

Settler incursions below police safety during the past week through the Jewish pageant of Passover had led to day by day confrontations with Palestinians on the mosque, with many injured and arrested.

On the primary day of Passover, April 15, Israeli forces injured not less than 158 Palestinians and arrested 400 others contained in the compound. Dozens extra had been injured and arrested all through the week.

Regardless of fears of issues escalating on the bottom, Palestinians have mentioned that their continued presence at Al-Aqsa is crucial.

“I feel it’s crucial for folks to return to Jerusalem and to Al-Aqsa. You are feeling belonging, you are feeling duty in the direction of Jerusalem, to show our kids that that is our land, that Al-Aqsa is our faith,” Rana Mohammad advised Al Jazeera on the compound.

The 36-year-old mom hails from Nablus within the occupied West Financial institution, and got here to East Jerusalem along with her husband and her five-year-old son.

Ramadan represents a uncommon alternative for Palestinians from the occupied West Financial institution – whereas Palestinian Jerusalemites and people with Israeli passports can entry Al-Aqsa at any time, Palestinians dwelling within the occupied West Financial institution are solely allowed to enter the town with a difficult-to-obtain navy allow outdoors of Ramadan.

“We can not come on regular days, so that you anticipate this second minute by minute. The sensation of being right here is indescribable – you are feeling that your spirit is rejuvenated,” mentioned Mohammad.

Palestinian worshippers at Al-Aqsa
Rana got here to Al-Aqsa along with her son from Nablus [Al Jazeera]

Flashpoint

Whereas Passover has ended and entrance into the mosque can be restricted to Muslims over the past 10 days of Ramadan, tensions on the bottom in Jerusalem and within the occupied West Financial institution stay excessive.

An increase in assaults by Palestinians inside Israel led to the killing of 14 Israelis in three weeks. In the meantime, Israelis have killed not less than 43 Palestinians for the reason that starting of 2022.

Weeks of protests and raids by Israeli forces on Al-Aqsa throughout Ramadan final yr escalated right into a widespread rebellion throughout Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories, and an 11-day assault on the besieged Gaza Strip.

The Al-Aqsa Mosque Compound has been a significant flashpoint between the Israeli occupation and Palestinians for many years, and was the epicentre of the 2000-2005 Palestinian Intifada, or rebellion.

The 14-hectare compound is among the holiest in Islam, and homes the Al-Qibli Mosque (Al-Aqsa Mosque) and the Dome of the Rock.

Aya Abu Moussa, a 33-year-old from al-Lydd (Lod) inside Israel, mentioned whereas she and her household are scared of the political state of affairs, they consider you will need to come to Al-Aqsa.

“There have to be a lot of Palestinians at Al-Aqsa – we can not go away it alone, in any respect. We see what occurs to the youth right here, we can not go away them alone,” Abu Moussa advised Al Jazeera, in reference to confrontations on the mosque. “The extra people who come – the extra they [Israel] can be afraid of raiding it. If there’s no person to dam them, they are going to get too comfy. The youth are limiting them,” she continued.

Based on Abu Moussa, 5 giant buses go away the cities of al-Lydd and al-Ramle (Ramla), in central Israel, every single day in Ramadan for daybreak and night time prayers at Al-Aqsa.

“Ever since final yr’s rebellion in al-Lydd, there was extra consciousness, particularly amongst youth, of the significance of coming to Al-Aqsa and Jerusalem. We thought they’d simply preserve taking part in PUBG, however no,” she mentioned, referring to a preferred laptop recreation.

Yasmeen Tibi, a 21-year-old from Nablus within the occupied West Financial institution, echoed an identical sentiment.

“Our energy is in numbers,” the college pupil advised Al Jazeera. “Those that are in a position to come, ought to come. Each particular person makes a distinction, even when we don’t realise it.”

Tibi got here to Al-Aqsa along with her 5 sisters and her 5 feminine cousins, all donning conventional Palestinian thobes and a keffiyeh.

“We shouldn’t be afraid – we’re the rightful homeowners of this land. They’re those who must be afraid,” she mentioned.

Palestinians from the West Financial institution should cross overcrowded checkpoints and anticipate hours earlier than being allowed to enter Jerusalem. Tibi mentioned that she and her household had left Nablus at 7am and reached Al-Aqsa at 10am, in a journey that was extra exhausting that it wanted to be.

“They handled us like cattle on the checkpoint. Everybody was positioned in small rows and squished collectively. We spent two hours inside Qalandiya checkpoint simply ready in line to cross by,” Tibi mentioned, referring to the primary checkpoint between the West Financial institution and East Jerusalem.

Israel has mentioned the measures are mandatory for safety causes.

Palestinian worshippers at Al-Aqsa
Aya Abu Moussa travelled to occupied East Jerusalem from al-Lydd, inside Israel [Al Jazeera]

Discovering a approach in

Whereas ladies of all ages are allowed to enter with out a navy allow on Fridays this Ramadan, solely males over 50 or boys below 12 years previous got an identical privilege.

Males and boys who didn’t match these standards had been both pressured to use for a navy allow with no assure of acquiring one, or discovered different methods to enter.

Mohammad, 20, jumped off the eight-metre-high (26-foot-high) Israeli separation wall to make it to Al-Aqsa.

Regardless of the heightened Israeli safety measures, Mohammed managed to make it by together with a number of of his pals. “I got here to hope, and to defend Al-Aqsa from the [Israeli] occupation,” Mohammed, who hailed from the Aqabet Jaber refugee camp in Jericho, advised Al Jazeera.

“Each Palestinian should come right here, as a result of the occupation raids the mosque, they hearth tear gasoline and ladies are crushed right here.”

“We’re pressured to confront them [Israel]. That is our land, and the Palestinian folks will persevere till liberation.”

In the meantime, Mohammad Asaad Saeed, a 57-year-old man from Tulkarem within the northern occupied West Financial institution, mentioned the dearth of management is what results in confrontations.

“We’d like somebody to guide us – to liberate Al-Aqsa,” Saeed advised Al Jazeera.

“The Palestinians are defenceless. What the youth do in confrontations – that is what must be achieved by a whole military, not our younger males. The issue is in our leaders.”

INTERACTIVE_AL AQSA_TIMELINE5-01
[Al Jazeera]

New Israeli raid at Al-Aqsa leaves Palestinians injured | Israel-Palestine conflict News

Israeli police enter compound firing rubber bullets and stun grenades in newest raid on the Muslim holy website.

Israeli forces have entered the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in occupied East Jerusalem and injured roughly 40 Palestinians, together with three journalists.

The recent raid befell on Friday morning, with Palestinians throwing stones on the Israeli police, who have been wearing full riot gear and entered the compound firing rubber bullets and stun grenades, in line with journalists on the scene.

The holy website has been the centre of days of violence amid heightened tensions following a sequence of assaults inside Israel and police raids within the West Financial institution, which Israel is illegally occupying.

Tens of hundreds of Muslims are anticipated at Al-Aqsa later within the day for Friday prayers.

Visits by Jewish teams have been suspended from Friday for the final 10 days of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.

This 12 months, the fasting month has coincided with the Jewish Passover and main Christian holidays, with tens of hundreds of individuals from all three faiths flocking to Jerusalem’s Previous Metropolis.

INTERACTIVE_AL AQSA_TIMELINE5-01
(Al Jazeera)

Arab League urges Israel to stop Jewish prayers at Al-Aqsa Mosque | Israel-Palestine conflict News

Arab League: ‘Al-Aqsa and Haram al Sharif in all its space is a sole place of worship for Muslims.’

The Arab League has referred to as on Israel to finish Jewish prayers contained in the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in East Jerusalem and warned that such actions had been a flagrant affront to Muslim emotions and will set off wider battle.

The league broke its silence on Thursday on current violent occasions at Al-Aqsa, saying Israel had restricted Muslims of their proper of worship in Jerusalem’s Previous Metropolis, whereas additionally permitting ultra-nationalist Jews to enter the sacred web site below police safety.

“Our calls for are clear that Al-Aqsa and Haram al Sharif in all its space is a sole place of worship for Muslims,” Jordanian International Minister Ayman Safadi advised reporters after an emergency assembly of the league in Amman.

The assembly was referred to as to debate what the league termed “unlawful Israeli insurance policies and measures” in Jerusalem.

Arab League chief Ahmed Aboul Gheit mentioned Israel was violating a centuries-old coverage in accordance with which non-Muslims might go to the Al-Aqsa compound, however they have to not pray there.

Israeli riot police stormed the Al-Aqsa mosque compound final week, wounding not less than 158 Palestinian Muslim worshippers. In March, Israeli forces killed at least 29 Palestinians in raids on the West Financial institution and 14 folks in Israel had been killed in avenue assaults.

Safadi, who spoke with United States Secretary of State Antony Blinken this week, met senior US Division of State officers touring the area on Wednesday to debate decreasing tensions on the sacred web site.

The international minister mentioned he had obtained assurances that Israel would halt Jewish worshippers from coming into Al-Aqsa.

Sitting atop the walled Previous Metropolis plateau, the Al-Aqsa compound is understood to Muslims as al-Haram al-Sharif (Noble Sanctuary) and to Jews because the Temple Mount, the holiest web site in Judaism the place they consider two historic temples had been situated.

INTERACTIVE_AL AQSA_TIMELINE5-01
(Al Jazeera)

Jordan’s Petra information company mentioned that Arab League warned that Israel’s actions at Al-Aqsa “threatens to ignite a cycle of violence”, and the “assaults and violations symbolize a blatant provocation to the emotions of Muslims”.

The assembly included member international locations that lately normalised ties with Israel, together with the United Arab Emirates and Morocco, in addition to Tunisia, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Egypt and representatives of the Palestinian Authority.

The surge of violence in Israel and the occupied Palestinian territory over the previous month – and through the top of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan – has raised fears of a slide again to a wider battle much like final Could’s 11-day Israeli assault on Gaza, through which greater than 250 Palestinians in Gaza and 13 folks in Israel had been killed.

On Wednesday night, Israeli police blocked greater than 1,000 ultra-nationalist demonstrators waving Israeli flags, some shouting “demise to the Arabs”, from reaching Damascus Gate and the Previous Metropolis’s Muslim quarter.

Far-right lawmaker Itamar Ben Gvir, a controversial opposition politician, led the protest after being barred from the Damascus Gate space earlier within the day by Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett.

Timeline: Al-Aqsa raids, closures and restrictions | Infographic News

Tensions have once more flared in current days after Israeli police entered the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound as worshippers gathered for early morning prayers.

Greater than 300 Palestinians have been arrested and not less than 170 wounded as Israeli forces launched incursions on the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in occupied East Jerusalem since April 15. The 14-hectare (35-acre compound) homes al-Qibli Mosque and the Dome of the Rock. Israeli authorities stated they entered the compound to facilitate visits by far-right Jews to the holy web site.

Beneath is a timeline of raids, closures and restrictions on the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound over the previous decade:

INTERACTIVE_AL AQSA_TIMELINE5-01

April 18, 2022

Greater than 20 Palestinians are wounded in a number of incidents in and round Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, bringing the variety of wounded since April 15 to greater than 170. This additionally follows deadly violence in Israel and the occupied West Financial institution beginning in late March through which 36 individuals have been killed.

April 15, 2022

Israeli forces storm Al-Aqsa Mosque utilizing tear gasoline shells and sound bombs, injuring not less than 59 Palestinians.

Israeli security forces
Israeli forces forestall Palestinians from getting into the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound to attend Friday prayers, on April 15, 2022 [Hazem Bader/AFP]

August 21, 2021

The Israeli authorities permits Jews to wish on the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in occupied East Jerusalem in a transfer that dangers shifting the positioning’s establishment.

Might 20, 2021

A ceasefire is introduced. In line with the Workplace of the United Nations Excessive Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), up till Might 27, 256 Palestinians, together with 66 youngsters and 40 girls, are killed by Israel. 13 individuals are killed in Israel, together with two youngsters, one Indian lady and two Thai males working in Israel.

INTERACTIVE- Al Aqsa Mosque Compound map

Might 14, 2021

Unrest extends to the broader West Financial institution, culminating in a “day of rage”, with 10 Palestinians killed by Israeli forces, the best variety of Palestinian fatalities recorded in a single day within the West Financial institution, together with occupied East Jerusalem, because the United Nations started recording fatalities in 2005.

Might 10, 2021

Israel ignores an ultimatum to withdraw its forces from the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound and the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood within the metropolis’s east. The early-morning incursion by Israeli police firing tear gasoline and stun grenades into the compound raises tensions considerably, not least throughout the holy month of Ramadan. Hamas fires rockets into Israel from Gaza, and Israel begins a marketing campaign of air strikes towards Gaza.

May 10, 2021 - Timeline: Raids, closures and restrictions on Al-Aqsa
Israeli police run after a cameraman on the compound that homes the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Might 2021 [File: Ammar Awad/Reuters]

Might 7, 2021

Israeli forces storm Al-Aqsa Mosque compound utilizing tear gasoline, rubber-coated metal bullets and stun grenades. This coincides with Laylat al-Qadr (Might 8), noticed by Muslims. A whole lot of Palestinians are injured, drawing worldwide condemnation.

April 13, 2021

Tensions rise in East Jerusalem since Ramadan begins on April 13, with violent incidents towards Palestinians by Israeli settlers and forces each day. These are primarily in and across the Previous Metropolis, together with Al-Aqsa Mosque, and in the neighbourhood of Sheikh Jarrah, over the approaching menace of pressured eviction of Palestinian households from their houses, initiated by Israeli settler organisations.

September 16, 2020

Al-Aqsa Mosque compound closes once more for 3 weeks following a spike in coronavirus instances.

Might 31, 2020

Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound reopens to worshippers and guests after greater than two months of closure as a result of coronavirus pandemic.

April 16, 2020

Al-Aqsa Mosque compound stays closed to Muslim worshippers all through the holy month of Ramadan due to the coronavirus pandemic.

March 15, 2020 - Timeline: Raids, closures and restrictions on Al-Aqsa
Muslim worshippers pray close to a gate of the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound [File: Ammar Awad/Reuters]

March 15, 2020

The Islamic Waqf proclaims Al-Aqsa will shut its doorways to worshippers as a precaution towards the coronavirus, including that outside prayers will nonetheless be allowed on the advanced that homes Islam’s third holiest web site.

January 31, 2020

Worshippers are injured by Israeli forces utilizing rubber-coated metal bullets as hundreds descend on the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound for the primary Friday prayers after then-United States President Donald Trump introduced the town, the place al-Haram al-Sharif is situated, would stay the “undivided capital” of Israel.

August 11, 2019

Israeli troopers use tear gasoline and rubber-coated rounds on Muslim worshippers, injuring scores, together with a Palestinian member of Israel’s Knesset, Ahmad Tibi, amid calls by Jewish nationalist and spiritual politicians for Jews to go to the holy compound.

June 3, 2019

Plans to construct a controversial cable automotive to the Western Wall in Jerusalem go a significant stage within the approval course of. The cable automotive will run from West Jerusalem to the roof of the deliberate Kedem Compound, a large, settler-run customer centre within the coronary heart of the Palestinian neighbourhood of Silwan.

March 3, 2019

Israel bans a number of Islamic officers appointed by Jordan from getting into al-Haram al-Sharif in Jerusalem due to their position in opening the Gate of Mercy – a gate that has been closed by Israeli courtroom order since 2003. The month earlier than, hundreds streamed into the closed-off part throughout Friday prayers.

July 3, 2018

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu proclaims he’ll carry the ban on Jewish Israeli parliamentarians visiting al-Haram al-Sharif, three years after the federal government forbade them from getting into the flashpoint web site. This altered the established order settlement that had been in impact between Israel and Jordan since 2015.

Might 13, 2018

Israel approves 47 million shekels ($14.5m) in funding over two years to proceed digging tunnels beneath homes in Silwan, connecting varied archaeological websites throughout the village, increasing the underground connection between Silwan and the Previous Metropolis, and excavating on the slopes of Mount Zion.

August 4, 2018

A tally by the Wadi Hilweh Data Centre exhibits that in July, Israeli forces killed eight Palestinians in Jerusalem and its environs, injured 600, arrested 425 and demolished 12 buildings.

July 27, 2017 - Timeline: Raids, closures and restrictions on Al-Aqsa
Israeli forces stand subsequent to the Dome of the Rock on the Al-Aqsa compound in Jerusalem’s Previous Metropolis [File: Mahmoud Illean/AP]

July 22, 2018

A whole lot of Israeli settlers storm Al-Aqsa compound. Palestinian sources say not less than 1,023 settlers entered the compound underneath heavy police safety.

July 27, 2017

Israel removes all measures on the Al-Aqsa compound gates added after the July 14 assault, together with the metallic railings and scaffolding the place safety cameras have been beforehand positioned, as Palestinians have a good time. The Waqf, an Islamic belief that has authority over the Al-Aqsa compound, proceeds to offer its approval for Palestinians to renew prayers contained in the mosque.

July 26, 2017

Israel removes metallic detectors on the Al-Aqsa compound, to get replaced by extra superior safety cameras. The Palestinian envoy to the United Nations urges the Safety Council to guard the holy web site from Israel’s “reckless and harmful” agenda. Palestinians continued their day by day demonstrations, protesting the newly put in cameras. They are saying they won’t settle for something that was added after July 14, when a taking pictures assault occurred that left three Palestinians and two Israeli law enforcement officials lifeless.

Al-Aqsa
Israeli troopers hearth tear gasoline at Palestinians protesting extra safety on the Al-Aqsa Mosque at Qalandiya checkpoint close to the occupied West Financial institution metropolis of Ramallah [File: Reuters]

July 23, 2017

Palestinians protest as Israel installs new safety cameras on the Al-Aqsa compound entrance in a transfer to seek out alternate options to metallic detectors. Palestinians reject the brand new measures, saying the cameras mirror Israel’s try and develop its management over the holy web site.

July 22, 2017

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas says he’ll freeze all contact with Israel till it removes the safety measures at Al-Aqsa. A whole lot of Palestinians are reported wounded as Israeli forces use tear gasoline, rubber-coated metal bullets, and reside ammunition towards protesters, resulting in condemnation by the UN. A number of deaths are reported in occupied East Jerusalem and the occupied West Financial institution.

July 21, 2017

Israel tightens restrictions on Al-Aqsa Mosque, asserting that males underneath the age of fifty won’t be allowed to enter the compound or pray there. No less than 3,000 Israeli police forces are deployed to the positioning, as Palestinians put together for a “day of anger” to protest the brand new safety measures. In line with a Palestinian advocacy group, not less than 10 activists are detained.

July 17, 2017

Palestinians reject Israeli safety measures. After a lethal assault at Al-Aqsa compound, Israel installs metallic detectors and safety cameras on the web site earlier than reopening the mosque. Al-Aqsa officers reject the brand new measures, refusing to wish there.

July 15, 2017 - Timeline: Raids, closures and restrictions on Al-Aqsa
Israeli forces stand guard as a Palestinian lady sits outdoors the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in Jerusalem [File: Mahmoud Illean/AP]

July 15, 2017

After a deadly taking pictures incident through which three Palestinians and two Israeli officers are killed, Israel shuts down Al-Aqsa Mosque compound. Friday prayers are cancelled for the primary time since 1969.

July 14, 2017

Three Palestinian gunmen open hearth close to Al-Aqsa compound, leaving two Israeli law enforcement officials lifeless. The three males are shot lifeless within the gunfight.

June 10, 2017

About 250,000 Palestinians go to Al-Aqsa Mosque throughout Ramadan. Palestinians from the West Financial institution, Gaza and Arab neighbourhoods in Israel converge on the Al-Aqsa compound for Friday prayers. Males over 40, and girls and kids of all ages, are allowed by Israeli forces to enter the positioning with out permits. Israeli authorities deploy hundreds of troops.

October 18, 2016

The United Nations Academic, Scientific and Cultural Group (UNESCO) passes an anti-Israel decision on Al-Aqsa. The UN company condemns Israel for limiting Muslims’ entry to the mosque and for elevated aggression by police and troopers. Israel suspends its cooperation with the company in response to the decision.

August 16, 2016

Jordan’s King Abdullah II denounces Israel’s violations at Al-Aqsa Mosque. As custodian of the holy web site, Jordan vows to battle towards repeated violations by Israel, saying that these are “blatant makes an attempt” to vary the established order in Jerusalem. The feedback observe an incident through which a whole bunch of Jewish settlers and activists go to Al-Aqsa to commemorate the destruction of two historical temples, and a few attempt to pray on the web site.

June 28, 2016

Israel closes Al-Aqsa to non-Muslims throughout Ramadan. Israeli authorities shut the holy web site to Jewish and non-Muslim guests following protests towards Jews visiting the mosque throughout the holy month of Ramadan.

June 26, 2016

Jewish guests enter Al-Aqsa compound. Following protests towards Jewish guests to the positioning, a number of Palestinians are injured by Israeli forces. The Palestinian Pink Crescent Society says the accidents got here from tear gasoline, sponge-tipped bullets and beatings. The protests ensued after Jews have been allowed onto the positioning over the last 10 days of Ramadan, throughout which solely Muslim worshippers are permitted.

April 12, 2016

The Worldwide Disaster Group (ICG) says Israel violated guarantees to Jordan concerning the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound. An ICG report warns that the calm across the compound is “deceiving” as Netanyahu has failed to keep up the established order on the web site. Whereas he promised Jordan that he would restrict Israeli entry to the compound and bar ministers and Knesset members from visiting, it was reported that he didn’t really restrict Jewish entry in any manner.

Dec 6, 2015 - Timeline: Raids, closures and restrictions on Al-Aqsa
A view of the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa compound in Jerusalem’s Previous Metropolis [File: Menahem Kahana]

December 6, 2015

Jewish settlers storm Al-Aqsa Mosque compound. Witnesses say that greater than 30 far-right Jewish settlers entered the positioning in three teams, regardless of a heavy safety presence. The go to got here after Jewish organisations referred to as for his or her members to be permitted to enter the compound.

October 29, 2015

Israeli right-wing activists push for a takeover of Al-Aqsa compound. As Israel takes harsh measures to suppress rising Palestinian unrest in Jerusalem, right-wing Jewish organisations name for management of the holy web site, which they seek advice from because the Temple Mount. Certainly one of these teams, Returning to the Mount, has posts on its Fb web page calling for the destruction of Al-Aqsa Mosque, to get replaced by a Jewish temple.

October 8, 2015

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu bars Jewish politicians from Al-Aqsa and orders police to limit authorities ministers and Knesset members from getting into the mosque compound. Jews and non-Muslims can nonetheless go to the positioning, however usually are not allowed to wish there.

September 28, 2015

Police forces use stun grenades and rubber-coated metal bullets towards Palestinians. In consequence, the Jerusalem District Police as soon as once more restrict Palestinian entry to Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, barring Muslim males underneath the age of fifty from visiting the positioning.

September 18, 2015

Jewish guests double over 5 years. An activist for the fitting of Jews to wish on the compound says that about 10,900 Jews visited al-Haram al-Sharif in 2014. Arnon Segal says this determine is double the variety of Jewish guests in 2009.

September 15, 2015

Fears mount over potential web site partitioning. Protests proceed for a 3rd day within the Previous Metropolis of Jerusalem and inside Al-Aqsa Mosque compound after Palestinians are denied entry to the mosque to make room for Jewish teams to mark the beginning of their new yr. Palestinians worry that permitting Jewish activists – who declare the mosque sits on the positioning of a destroyed Jewish temple – to enter the positioning is step one in direction of eventual partitioning of the positioning alongside spiritual strains.

September 8, 2015

Israel’s defence minister indicators a regulation outlawing the Mourabitat and Mourabitoun – Palestinians who view themselves as defenders or sentinels of the Noble Sanctuary. The teams usually collect at Al-Aqsa Mosque compound to protest what they see as rising Israeli management over the holy web site and shout spiritual oaths at Israelis who enter the compound underneath armed guard. The Israeli authority’s transfer additionally permits for the prosecution of those that finance the Mourabitoun’s actions.

Al Aqsa
Palestinians sweep up rock particles on the carpet in Al Aqsa Mosque after Israeli forces raided the compound in September 2015 [Ammar Awad/Reuters]

September 6, 2015

Israeli forces proceed to impose restrictions on Palestinians’ entry to Al-Aqsa Mosque compound for the third consecutive week. Israeli forces have prevented girls from getting into the positioning between 7am and 11am for practically three weeks. Israeli Jerusalem police commander Avi Bitton tells Ma’an Information that the restrictions on girls have been imposed “to stop any tensions within the space, as they violate order and current a menace to guests”.

August 2, 2015

Israeli police deny entry to all Palestinian men and women underneath the age of 30, between 7am and 11am on Sunday, the Palestinian Ministry of Endowments in Jerusalem says.

July 26, 2015

Israeli forces injure 19 Al-Aqsa Mosque guards on Sunday. Compound director Omar Kiswani says 19 Islamic Endowment Division guards have suffered varied bruises, fractures and cuts after being assaulted by Israeli forces with batons.

Might 17, 2015

A gaggle of right-wing Jews enter Al-Aqsa Mosque compound to mark the anniversary of Israel’s occupation of East Jerusalem in 1967, identified by Israelis as “Jerusalem Day”. Might 17 is a largely right-wing Israeli nationwide vacation marked by racism and violence towards Palestinians.

March 4, 2015

Accompanied by armed safety, a gaggle of right-wing Israelis enters Al-Aqsa Mosque compound for Purim, a Jewish vacation. No less than one Palestinian is detained for protesting towards their makes an attempt to wish close to the Chain Gate as they’re leaving the compound.

November 14, 2014

Hundreds attend Friday prayers at Al-Aqsa Mosque compound for the primary time in months after Israel lifts age restrictions on entry to the holy web site. US Secretary of State John Kerry says “agency commitments” have been made to keep up the established order on the compound, and Israel and Jordan additionally agreed to take steps to “de-escalate the state of affairs” in Jerusalem.

November 5, 2014

Israeli police use tear gasoline and stun grenades on Palestinian worshippers inside Al-Aqsa Mosque compound as right-wing Jews enter the positioning. No less than 9 are injured, and several other others are handled for tear gasoline inhalation. Jordan, the custodian of the holy websites, remembers its ambassador to Israel in protest.

November 2, 2014

Moshe Feiglin once more enters Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, regardless of requires “restraint” by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Feiglin, a member of Netanyahu’s Likud bloc, is a number one advocate of Jewish entry to the compound. On the identical day, right-wing housing minister Uri Ariel requires a change to the established order on the compound by permitting Jews not solely to go to the positioning, however to wish there.

October 30, 2014

Israeli authorities shut Al-Aqsa Mosque after the taking pictures of Yehuda Glick, a far-right Israeli rabbi who advocates for pressured entry into the mosque. That is the primary time the mosque is closed since 1967, when Israel occupied East Jerusalem. Israel’s public safety minister says the mosque will stay closed “till additional discover”, triggering an offended response from Abbas, who calls the transfer “a declaration of warfare”. Glick, an American-born fanatic, is the chairman of the Temple Mount Heritage Fund.

Mideast Israel Palestinians
A Palestinian demonstrator burns the Israeli flag, invoking the Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem, after Israel limits entry to Palestinian worshippers [File: Khalil Hamra/AP]

October 15, 2014

Israeli forces hearth stun grenades and rubber-coated metal bullets at worshippers.

July 18, 2014

A complete of 110 individuals are injured in Jerusalem after Israeli forces raid the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound.

July 16, 2014

Fistfights escape inside Al-Aqsa Mosque compound between Palestinian worshippers and Israeli law enforcement officials who escort the right-wing Knesset Deputy Speaker Moshe Feiglin into the compound.

July 4, 2014

Israeli police deploy in giant numbers round Jerusalem early on Friday as restrictions are imposed on Palestinian worshippers getting into Al-Aqsa Mosque compound.

June 13, 2014

A complete of 28 Palestinians are injured after Israeli forces quash a march in help of Palestinian administrative detainees who’ve been on a starvation strike for greater than 50 days.

Might 6, 2014

Worshippers underneath 50 are denied entry to Al-Aqsa for the second day. Israeli police in Jerusalem’s Previous Metropolis limit entry into Al-Aqsa Mosque to worshippers underneath the age of fifty, aside from college students who examine within the compound. On the identical time, the police enable a Jewish group to tour the compound. Dozens of Palestinians carry out prayers close to the principle gates of the compound for 2 days in a row.

April 20, 2014

Dozens of Palestinian worshippers are wounded and others are detained after Israeli forces storm the Al-Aqsa courtyard, firing stun grenades and rubber-coated metal bullets.

April 13, 2014

Israeli troopers and police hearth stun grenades at Palestinian worshippers at Al-Aqsa Mosque. The violence breaks out after Israeli authorities open a gate of al-Haram al-Sharif to non-Muslim guests after morning prayers.

How should leaders respond to rising tension over Al-Aqsa Mosque? | Jerusalem News

From: Inside Story

Tensions across the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in occupied East Jerusalem come amid an uptick in Israel-Palestine violence.

The Al-Aqsa Mosque compound is holy to Muslims, Jews and Christians.

With Ramadan, Passover and Easter going down on the similar time this yr, tensions are working significantly excessive in occupied East Jerusalem.

On Sunday, Israeli police forcibly dispersed Palestinian worshippers who arrange barricades to stop ultra-right-wing Jewish teams from getting into the compound.

The Al-Aqsa tensions come amid rising violence between Palestinians and Israelis.

Might the violence escalate? And the way ought to Israeli and Palestinian leaders reply?

Presenter: Mohammed Jamjoom

Friends:

Ziad AbuZayyad – Lawyer and political analyst

Nimrod Novik – Former senior coverage adviser to former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres

Amr Al-Azm – Professor of Center East historical past and anthropology, Shawnee State College