Myanmar military says activist, lawmaker to face death sentence | News

Activist Kyaw Min Yu and Nationwide League for Democracy lawmaker Phyo Zeya Thaw had appeals towards sentence rejected.

Myanmar’s navy authorities stated that appeals by two distinguished democracy activists towards their loss of life sentences had been rejected, paving the best way for the nation’s first executions in many years.

Veteran democracy activist Kyaw Min Yu and Phyo Zeya Thaw, a lawmaker for the previous governing Nationwide League for Democracy occasion, have been sentenced to loss of life by a navy tribunal in January on fees of treason and terrorism, based on a navy assertion on the time.

A spokesperson for the navy authorities stated on Friday that their appeals towards the loss of life sentence have been rejected.

“Beforehand, the convicts sentenced to loss of life may enchantment and if no choice was made, then their loss of life sentences wouldn’t be applied,” spokesperson Zaw Min Tun advised the BBC’s Burmese language service.

“At the moment, that enchantment was rejected so the loss of life sentences are going to be applied,” he stated.

No particulars have been offered as to when the executions would happen.

Representatives of the 2 activists couldn’t be reached for remark and it was unclear whether or not or not the 2 had denied the costs towards them. The navy didn’t point out how the 2 activists had pleaded.

Although the navy has sentenced dozens of anti-coup activists to loss of life as a part of its crackdown on dissent after seizing energy final yr, Myanmar has not carried out an execution for many years.

Phil Robertson, a deputy director at Human Rights Watch, stated the choice to “transfer in the direction of executing two distinguished political leaders will probably be like pouring gasoline on the hearth of in style anti-military resistance within the nation”.

“Such a transfer may also result in international condemnation and cement the junta’s repute as among the many worst of the worst human rights abusers in Asia.”

The Myanmar navy has acquired widespread condemnation overseas for ousting an elected authorities in a coup greater than a yr in the past, and for the brutal crackdown that it has since unleashed on critics, opposition members and activists.

The UN Workplace for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs stated in a brand new report that the variety of folks displaced inside strife-torn Myanmar has for the primary time exceeded a million, with nicely over half the entire dropping their properties after the navy takeover in 2021.

The report stated that greater than 694,300 folks have turn out to be displaced from their properties because the takeover, and an estimated 346,000 folks have been displaced by combating earlier than final yr’s coup.

Roughly 40,200 folks have fled to neighbouring nations and greater than 12,700 “civilian properties”, together with homes, church buildings, monasteries and faculties are estimated to have been destroyed, based on the UN.

Honduras ex-President Hernandez on way to US to face drug charges | Politics News

US authorities accuse Juan Orlando Hernandez of receiving thousands and thousands in bribes as a part of a drug-trafficking scheme.

Honduras has extradited former President Juan Orlando Hernandez to the US, the place he is because of face weapons and drug-trafficking fees.

A US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) aircraft took off with Hernandez aboard from the airport in Tegucigalpa, the capital, on Thursday afternoon. Simply three months after leaving workplace, Hernandez boarded the aircraft in handcuffs.

The extradition comes weeks after Honduras’ high court docket in late March cleared the way for Hernandez, who served as president from 2014 till earlier this yr, to be extradited to face fees in a New York court docket.

US authorities have accused the previous chief of collaborating in a drug-trafficking scheme during which he facilitated the smuggling of some 500 tonnes of medicine – primarily from Colombia and Venezuela – to the US through Honduras.

The 53-year-old has denied all the costs, saying they’re a part of a plot orchestrated by enemies who’re attempting to get again at him.

However US prosecutors have alleged Hernandez obtained thousands and thousands of {dollars} from drug traffickers for cover, together with from Mexican narco-kingpin Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman.

As soon as considered as a key ally in Washington’s battle in opposition to drug trafficking, Hernandez misplaced his immunity after handing energy to Xiomara Castro, the country’s first female president, in late January.

He faces three fees: conspiracy to import a managed substance into the US; utilizing or carrying firearms together with machine weapons; and conspiracy to make use of or carry firearms.

Al Jazeera’s Teresa Bo, reporting from Buenos Aires, mentioned Hernandez was transported by helicopter from a Honduran particular forces’ army base to an airport, the place the DEA aircraft was selecting him up.

“Hernandez was a really shut ally of the US. In truth, he met with Vice President Biden when he was [part of] the Obama administration. He met with former President Donald Trump,” Bo mentioned. “He was thought of to be doing the best factor on the time as a result of he was combating in opposition to unlawful immigration and aiding the US in that battle.”

She added that whereas this isn’t the primary time {that a} former chief has been accused of drug trafficking, “it’s very, very vital – particularly [in reference] to the US coverage within the area and the battle on medication”.

Some Hondurans had celebrated within the streets of Tegucigalpa, the capital, when Hernandez was arrested in February. A whole bunch of cops had surrounded his residence after a decrease court docket choose issued a warrant for his arrest following the US extradition request.

“The authorities are lastly doing what they need to have achieved a very long time in the past: penalise and put behind bars the individuals who have robbed this nation,” Aaron Hernandez, a 31-year-old Honduran truck driver, told Al Jazeera after the Supreme Courtroom’s choice.

However others has come out in assist of Hernandez, saying they imagine he did nothing mistaken.

“If a citizen is tried, they need to be tried in our nation,” the ex-president’s spouse, Ana Garcia, a lawyer, mentioned as she joined a couple of dozen protesters outdoors the Supreme Courtroom in late March to proclaim Hernandez’s innocence.

A lot of the allegations in opposition to Hernandez emerged in two trials in New York — these of Juan Antonio “Tony” Hernandez, the president’s brother and himself a former Honduran congressman, and Geovanny Fuentes Ramirez.

Each males have been a part of a sprawling drug trafficking case filed in 2015 and each got life sentences. Prosecutors labelled Hernandez a “co-conspirator” in the identical case.

In a letter printed when the Supreme Courtroom issued its choice, Hernandez maintained that he’s harmless and mentioned he’s the “sufferer of revenge and conspiracy”.

His household additionally mentioned in a press release at the moment that they have been “prepared and assured that we’ll have the ability to present the US justice system that these accusations are a revenge plot from Honduran narcos whose empire of crime and violence Juan Orlando destroyed”.

Veterans face off in final round of East Timor presidential poll | Elections News

The second and ultimate spherical of presidential elections in East Timor – formally generally known as Timor-Leste – is underneath method, with the area’s latest nation going through a generational crossroads.

Since independence in 2002, after a brutal 25-year occupation by Indonesia, the nation of 1.3 million individuals has seen years of political upheaval and hotly-contested elections involving a small cohort of acquainted faces.

Within the present marketing campaign, political veteran and Nobel laureate Jose Ramos-Horta – operating as an impartial candidate – wants to enhance on his first-round performance by solely 30,000 votes to safe the presidency.

The 72-year-old former president and prime minister fell simply wanting the 50 p.c share of the vote required to keep away from a runoff within the preliminary voting that passed off in March.

His opponent is incumbent President Francisco ‘Lu Olo’ Guterres, who leads the longstanding resistance-era political occasion FRETILIN (the Revolutionary Entrance for an Unbiased East Timor).

The 67-year-old Guterres, a former insurgent fighter in opposition to the occupation, completed the primary spherical with simply greater than 20 p.c of the vote.

Lurking within the wings, in the meantime, is the charismatic independence hero Xanana Gusmao, who leads the CNRT (Nationwide Congress for Timorese Reconstruction) occasion and was the nation’s first president in addition to its fourth prime minister.

Two male election workers hold up ballot tallies during counting in the first round of Timor's election in March
Veterans of Timor Leste’s battle for independence from Indonesia proceed to dominate the nation’s politics 20 years after it formally gained its freedom [File: Lirio da Fonseca/Reuters]

With one eye on parliamentary elections because of happen subsequent 12 months and a hoped-for return to workplace, the 75-year-old has thrown his backing behind Ramos-Horta.

“The senior elected positions in Timor-Leste are nonetheless dominated by the 1975 period of politicians,” Michael Leach, a professor of politics and worldwide relations at Swinburne College in Australia, informed Al Jazeera.

“There’s a sense that it is a legacy election for that era. That is the election the place they set their legacies and so there’s so much at stake. The query then is how they convey by the subsequent era of leaders.”

Financial challenges

East Timor has one of many youngest populations within the area, with a median age of 20 years, who face rising unemployment and a reluctance from political leaders to diversify the financial system away from gasoline and oil and into training, agriculture and tourism.

No less than 20 p.c of eligible voters are simply 17 years outdated and taking part of their first election.

“The present candidates within the runoff election are outdated faces in Timor-Leste’s politics,” researcher Abrao Pereira, 35, informed Al Jazeera. “I’d have appreciated to have a brand new face deliver a brand new color, a brand new hope into the politics.

“It’s good for the younger individuals to be concerned in politics. As a result of that is the way in which to affect massive modifications within the nation when it comes to the massive selections that must be made on the high stage.”

Pereira provides that he wish to see the way forward for East Timor be the first focus of the election, not outdated rivalries.

“For me the way forward for [Timor Leste’s] kids relies upon enormously on the actions of as we speak’s politics. An influence wrestle has been on the centre stage and if that is the political scenario transferring ahead I don’t see a greater future for the youngsters of this nation.”

“The important thing political leaders want to grasp that what they’re doing just isn’t solely impacting what is going on for the time being however can have long run impacts on the generations to return.”

Ramos-Horta has campaigned on bringing stability to the federal government and hinted that he may name early parliamentary elections if he wins.

Guterres’s marketing campaign has been undermined partially by in-fighting in his occasion, however he informed reporters in Dili he was assured of profitable.

“I’m assured that I’ll win the election once more,” Guterres was quoted as saying.

“I name on individuals to just accept regardless of the end result, and I’m able to work with whoever wins this election.”

Supporters of former East Timor's leader and Nobel laureate Jose Ramos-Horta wave flags and cheer at a rally during the first round of the presidential election
Supporters of East Timor’s former chief and Nobel laureate Jose Ramos-Horta present their help for the veteran politician at a rally in March [Lirio da Fonseca/Reuters]

The political rivalry between the presidency and parliament has additionally fuelled instability within the present incarnation of presidency.

In 2018, Guterres refused to swear in seven of the CNRT ministers, citing corruption allegations or poor ethical standing.

“This highlighted tensions between Fretilin and CNRT, and the potential downside is of ‘cohabitation’ when the president and prime minister come from completely different events,” Leach mentioned.

Having been in opposition for 2 years, Gusmao hopes that by backing Ramos-Horta as president, he can engineer a path again to energy regardless of his advancing years.

Ought to Ramos-Horta win, Gusmao is more likely to push for the resumption of the controversial Tasi Mane oil and gasoline challenge, an initiative that was placed on maintain underneath the present FRETILIN authorities.

The challenge entails investing the majority of the small nations’ funds into an oil and gasoline challenge on the south coast of the island. Opponents of the challenge say playing the nation’s wealth on a finite useful resource is a danger too massive to take.

But it’s also thought of to be Gusmao’s legacy project, therefore the veteran politician’s backing of Ramos-Horta.

Recent concepts

In return, Gusmao’s public help of Ramos-Horta has given the impartial candidate the mandatory vote enhance to offer him a critical likelihood on the presidency.

Fretilin party supporters shouting slogans and waving the party's red, gold and black flag at a rally in March
Fretilin occasion supporters shouting slogans and wave flags throughout a marketing campaign rally for incumbent president Francisco Guterres, generally known as Lu Olo, throughout his re-election marketing campaign in Dili, East Timor [Valentino Dariel/AFP]

Nevertheless, youthful voters say that as an alternative of such political deal-making, it’s time for brand new concepts.

“The outdated era ought to give an opportunity to the younger to be concerned in politics,” mentioned Tina Quintas, a 33-year-old college trainer. “It’s not as if they’re outdated and fewer capable of handle the nation, it’s simply good to let the younger ones in with new, recent concepts in regards to the higher governance of this nation.

“If ladies are concerned it will be important when it comes to gender equality. All individuals have the correct to take part in a democratic authorities. If ladies are concerned extra, issues may get higher in a greater method. It’s the angle. If there have been extra ladies there could possibly be extra modifications.”

The East Timor Electoral Law of 2006 requires that ladies make up one-third of listed occasion candidates. Such mandatory quotas imply that roughly a 3rd of parliamentarians are ladies.

The present deputy prime minister is a girl; Armanda Berta dos Santos is considered one of two deputy prime ministers and is the chief of Enrich the Nationwide Unity of the Sons of Timor (KHUNTO).

Her occasion seeks to signify the disenfranchised youth of East Timor and gained practically 9 p.c of the vote within the first spherical of the presidential election.

East Timor has a robust historical past of dedication to voting within the democratic political system, regardless of the instability and violence that has at occasions accompanied the method.

Turnout was 77 p.c within the first spherical of the presidential election final March, increased than within the earlier ballot in 2017.

About 98 percent of the eligible inhabitants voted within the 1999 referendum for independence from Indonesia even amid brutal fighting and attacks from the Indonesian military and armed groups that compelled 1000’s to flee.

There was violence too within the 2006 elections, and in 2008, Ramos-Horta was shot in an assassination attempt.

Given the ructions of the previous, Quintas says she hopes issues will stay calm regardless of the result.

“I simply hope that the election will go peacefully, that there’s no dramas, nothing occurring. And I additionally hope that whoever goes to win that folks won’t react to that and simply settle for the result of the election.

“Hopefully whoever wins this time they may go together with the plan and no matter they’ve promised to the individuals of Timor-Leste and whoever wins leads this nation for a greater future.”

The incoming president shall be put in on Might 20, the twentieth anniversary of Timor-Leste’s freedom from Indonesia.