Brazil election: Social media content crafted for disruption | Elections

From: The Listening Submit

Brazil’s presidential candidates are combating pitched digital battles forward of the election. Plus, Nicaragua’s hostile media area.

In Brazil’s upcoming election, President Jair Bolsonaro shouldn’t be taking place with out a struggle. He has raised the prospect of electoral fraud, used outdated tips from his media playbook to unfold disinformation, and whereas the general public is extra attuned to those risks now than it was in 2018, there may be nonetheless rather a lot at stake.

Contributors:
Natalia Leal – CEO, Agencia Lupa
Luciana Coelho – Deputy managing editor, Folha de São Paulo
Juliana dal Piva – Columnist, UOL
Natalia Viana – Host, The Secret Lifetime of Jair podcast

On our radar:

At a time when 1000’s of Russian males are fleeing the nation for concern of being drafted and deployed to Ukraine, American whistleblower Edward Snowden has been granted citizenship. Producer Meenakshi Ravi seems again at Snowden’s journey that started nearly a decade in the past.

Nicaragua’s scattered journalists

Below President Daniel Ortega, as soon as a socialist revolutionary, Nicaragua has turn out to be a dwelling hell for journalists; arbitrary arrests, harassment and loss of life threats have turn out to be the day-to-day norm. Producer Tariq Nafi seems into Nicaragua’s nightmarish media surroundings and the journalists persevering with to indicate resistance.

Contributors:
Freelance Journalist, Nicaragua
Carlos Fernando Chamorro – Journalist and founder, Confidencial
Bianca Jagger – Human rights advocate

Israeli air strikes in Syria kill three soldiers: State media | Syria’s War News

Newest Israeli strikes goal websites across the capital Damascus and south of the coastal Tartus province.

Israeli air raids on Syria have killed three troopers and wounded three others in Israel’s newest assault on the war-torn nation.

State media stated air defence forces have been confronting what it stated have been Israeli bombing raids geared toward targets within the neighborhood of the Syrian coastal province of Tartus.

“The aggression led to the dying of three troopers, the wounding of three others,” Syria’s official information company SANA stated, quoting an unnamed navy supply.

Since civil struggle broke out in Syria in 2011, Israel has carried out lots of of air strikes contained in the nation, concentrating on authorities positions in addition to allied Iran-backed forces and Hezbollah fighters.

Its forces have been additionally confronting “hostile targets” over the Qalamoun mountains close to the border with Lebanon, SANA reported.

A Syrian navy assertion stated there have been two simultaneous Israeli assaults – one a missile assault concentrating on the countryside close to the capital, Damascus, carried out from the route of southeast of the Lebanese capital, Beirut.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights struggle monitor additionally gave the identical toll of killed and wounded from the second strikes close to an air defence base in Tartus province, the place Iranian-backed teams are energetic.

The focused web site in Tartus is positioned 8km (5 miles) from a Russian base, stated the monitor, which has a large community of sources in Syria.

It stated ambulances had rushed to the scene of the strikes in Tartus.

In early July, Syria’s defence ministry stated an Israeli raid performed from the Mediterranean Sea close to the city of Al-Hamadiyah, south of Tartus city, had wounded two civilians.

On Friday, Israeli shelling wounded two civilians in southern Syria close to the occupied Golan Heights, in line with state media.

Final month, an Israeli strike close to Damascus killed three Syrian troopers, state media stated on the time. The Syrian Observatory stated that strike focused a navy facility and an “Iranian weapons depot”.

After the newest incident, Israeli authorities informed AFP information company they “don’t touch upon studies within the international media”.

Whereas Israel hardly ever feedback on particular person strikes in Syria, the navy has defended them as obligatory to stop its arch-foe Iran from gaining a foothold on its doorstep.

The battle in Syria began with the brutal repression of peaceable protests and escalated to drag in international powers and fighters.

The struggle has killed almost half one million individuals and compelled half of the nation’s pre-war inhabitants from their properties.

Russia’s navy intervention in 2015 helped flip the struggle in favour of Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad, whose forces as soon as solely managed one-fifth of the nation.

Tunisia: The referendum and the ramifications for the media | Media

From: The Listening Submit

Tunisians have been among the many freest to voice dissent within the Arab world however a constitutional change threatens that freedom. Plus, LGBTQphobia in Ghana’s media.

As Tunisia prepares to vote on a controversial new structure, President Kais Saied’s persevering with energy seize dangers reversing the nation’s hard-won media freedoms.

Contributors:
Thameur Mekki – Editor-in-chief, Nawaat
Monia Ben Hamadi – Media guide
Monica Marks – Professor of Center East politics, NYU Abu Dhabi

On our radar:

In Iran, three acclaimed movie administrators are arrested for statements made on social media in help of anti-government protests. Meenakshi Ravi stories on why Iran goes after outspoken artists.

Ghana’s LGBTQ-phobia & the media:

Ghana’s media cheers on proposed anti-LGBTQ+ legal guidelines, even whereas they threaten freedom of the press.

Contributors:
Sam Nartey George – Member of parliament
Ebenezer Peegah – Founder, Rightify Ghana
Kapya Kaoma – Anglican priest

US judge sets October trial date for Twitter, Musk legal battle | Social Media News

Twitter pushed for a fast-tracked trial, saying Elon Musk’s effort to terminate $44bn deal to purchase the corporate damage its worth.

A choose in america has set an October trial date for the looming authorized battle between Twitter and Elon Musk, after the social media large accused the Tesla CEO of smearing its popularity and decreasing its worth.

The listening to on Tuesday centred on Twitter’s push to set a trial date for as early as September in a case centered on Musk’s try and stroll away from a $44bn settlement to buy the corporate.

“Delay threatens irreparable hurt,” mentioned Chancellor Kathaleen McCormick of Delaware’s Court docket of Chancery, which handles many high-profile enterprise disputes. “The longer the delay, the better the danger.”

The San Francisco-based firm is in search of to resolve months of uncertainty for its enterprise as Musk tries to desert the takeover, alleging Twitter misled him concerning the tally of faux accounts on the platform.

Musk introduced that he was terminating the deal earlier this month, however Twitter has sought to carry him to it, saying he “knowingly, deliberately, willfully, and materially breached the settlement”.

Twitter has requested McCormick of Delaware’s Court docket of Chancery to search out Musk breached the settlement and to order him to finish the deal on the agreed value of $54.20 per share.

The corporate’s worth dropped to $32.65 per share final week, erasing almost $3bn in worth. It was buying and selling at about $39.16 on Tuesday morning, up about 2 % and close to the very best degree since Musk mentioned he was strolling away.

Twitter wished an expedited trial in September as a result of it mentioned Musk is smearing Twitter and undermining operations by refusing to approve enterprise initiatives, resembling an worker retention plan.

“It’s tried sabotage. He’s doing his finest to run Twitter down,” William Savitt, a lawyer for Twitter, mentioned throughout Tuesday’s listening to, which was held just about after McCormick mentioned she examined optimistic for COVID-19.

The corporate mentioned adopting Musk’s “sluggish stroll” proposal for a 2023 trial – his authorized staff had proposed a mid-February begin date – left little time for extra litigation over deal financing if Musk is ordered to shut. The deal financing expires in April.

However Musk on Friday accused Twitter of in search of a “warp velocity” trial to “railroad” him into shopping for the corporate.

McCormick mentioned on Tuesday that his authorized staff had underestimated the court docket’s skill to “shortly course of advanced litigation”. She requested the events to work out the schedule for the trial, which she set at 5 days.

Since agreeing in April to purchase Twitter, Musk has questioned whether or not the corporate misled regulators about pretend accounts and bots on the platform.

A lawyer for Musk on Tuesday blamed Twitter for dragging its toes in responding to requests for info concerning the strategies for calculating the variety of spam accounts and he mentioned an expedited trial will forestall the reality from coming to gentle.

“When Mr Musk began asking questions, the solutions he acquired had been alarming,” mentioned Andrew Rossman, Musk’s lawyer, including that it’s going to take months to analyse huge quantities of information to resolve questions on Twitter’s spam accounts.

Rossman additionally rejected Twitter’s argument that his consumer was attempting to break the corporate as “preposterous. He has little interest in damaging the corporate,” mentioned Rossman, noting that Musk is Twitter’s second largest shareholder with a far bigger stake than the whole board.

Somewhat than Silicon Valley, the place Twitter is predicated, the corporate has lodged its lawsuit towards Musk in Delaware.

The agency is integrated within the tiny state like scores of different firms, and the case will occur within the Delaware Chancery Court docket that has deep expertise in enterprise disputes.

Elon Musk says he is terminating $44bn Twitter deal | Social Media News

Twitter’s chairman says the social media platform will take authorized motion to implement the settlement.

Elon Musk has stated he’s terminating a $44bn deal to purchase Twitter, saying the social media firm didn’t present details about pretend or spam accounts on the platform.

In a submitting to the Safety and Change Fee (SEC) on Friday, Musk’s attorneys stated Twitter had failed or refused to reply to a number of requests for data on these accounts, which is key to the corporate’s enterprise efficiency.

“Generally Twitter has ignored Mr. Musk’s requests, generally it has rejected them for causes that seem like unjustified, and generally it has claimed to conform whereas giving Mr. Musk incomplete or unusable data,” the submitting reads.

“Twitter is in materials breach of a number of provisions of that Settlement, seems to have made false and deceptive representations upon which Mr. Musk relied when getting into into the Merger Settlement,” it additionally stated.

Twitter didn’t instantly reply to requests for remark from The Related Press and Reuters information companies.

The corporate’s chairman, Bret Taylor, tweeted on Friday night that, “the Twitter Board is dedicated to closing the transaction on the value and phrases agreed upon with Mr. Musk and plans to pursue authorized motion to implement the merger settlement”.

The phrases of the deal require Musk, the CEO of Tesla, to pay a $1bn break-up price if he doesn’t full the transaction.

The board unanimously agreed to promote the platform to Musk for $44bn in April, in a deal that stirred controversy and questions on free speech and misinformation on the favored social media platform.

The settlement’s doable unravelling is simply the newest twist in a saga between one of many world’s richest males and one of the crucial influential social media websites.

A lot of the drama has performed out on Twitter, with Musk, who has greater than 95 million followers, lamenting that the corporate was failing to reside as much as its potential as a platform without cost speech.

Final month, Twitter allowed Musk entry to its “firehose”, a repository of uncooked information on lots of of tens of millions of every day tweets.

The corporate stated at the moment that it meant to shut the deal on the agreed value and phrases. “Twitter has and can proceed to cooperatively share data with Musk to consummate the transaction in accordance with the phrases of the merger settlement,” it stated in an announcement.

In Might, Twitter CEO Parag Agrawal stated the social media community estimates that fewer than 5 p.c of all its customers are pretend.

However in a collection of tweets, he highlighted the problem of hunting down actual folks from bots and accounts getting used for spam campaigns.

“The laborious problem is that many accounts which look pretend superficially – are literally actual folks,” he wrote. “And a few of the spam accounts which are literally probably the most harmful – and trigger probably the most hurt to our customers – can look completely authentic on the floor.”

Daniel Ives, an analyst at Wedbush funding agency, stated Musk’s submitting on Friday was unhealthy information for Twitter.

“This can be a catastrophe situation for Twitter and its Board as now the corporate will battle Musk in an elongated courtroom battle to recoup the deal and/or the breakup price of $1 billion at a minimal,” he wrote in a observe to shoppers.

How a TV moment sparked a diplomatic crisis for India | Media

From: The Listening Publish

A spokesperson from India’s ruling occasion triggers a overseas relations nightmare with a bigoted touch upon dwell TV. Plus, Large Oil’s huge lies.

A global backlash from greater than 15 Muslim-majority nations is rattling India’s ruling BJP – and it began with one touch upon a information discuss present.

Contributors:
Suhasini Haidar – Diplomatic Editor, The Hindu
Nikhil Mehra – Lawyer
Pratik Sinha – Co-founder, Alt Information
Hartosh Singh Bal – Political Editor, Caravan Journal

On our radar:

The investigation into the 2021 storming of the US Capitol hits prime time TV. Producer Flo Phillips asks, do sufficient Individuals care?

Large Oil Propaganda: From Advertorials to Instagram

There’s a world vitality disaster – however it’s not the fuel shortages, it’s the air pollution and propaganda by Large Oil.

Contributors:
Molly Taft – Workers author, Earther/Gizmodo
Amy Westervelt – Founder, Crucial Frequency Podcast Community & Investigative Journalist
Geoffrey Supran – Analysis fellow, Harvard College

Syria: 10 killed, 9 wounded in rocket attack on bus: State media | News

Attackers hit a navy bus with an anti-tank rocket within the west of Aleppo province, state information company SANA reported.

A rocket assault on a navy bus has killed 10 troopers and wounded 9 extra in northwest Syria, the nation’s state information company SANA reported.

The loss of life toll is the heaviest reported in pro-government ranks from a insurgent assault since a truce settlement brokered by Russia and Turkey in March 2020. The truce has largely held regardless of sporadic assaults by either side, together with continued Russian air raids.

The bus was attacked within the west of Aleppo province on Friday morning, the SANA information company mentioned.

Attackers hit the bus with an anti-tank missile, the company reported.

There was no instant declare of accountability for the assault, which was close to the frontier with rebel-held territory near the Turkish border.

Syrian insurgent group Ahrar al-Sham posted a video on its Telegram channel on Friday displaying a rocket hitting a bus, with a caption declaring that the footage confirmed the second a navy bus belonging to pro-Assad militias was destroyed west of Aleppo. The content material of the video couldn’t be independently verified.

The top of Lebanon’s closely armed Shia motion Hezbollah, which has intervened in Syria in assist of President Bashar al-Assad, supplied his condolences for the useless in a televised tackle afterward Friday.

A professional-Damascus navy supply informed Reuters that these killed on the bus have been pro-government Shia fighters from the cities of Nubl and Zahraa.

The Assad authorities has relied on native paramilitary forces and allied fighters from nations together with Lebanon and Iraq to take again swaths of territory within the nation’s 11-year conflict.

Northwestern Syria is the final main stronghold of these preventing in opposition to the Assad authorities and its allies.

Earlier than Russia intervened within the Syrian battle, the Assad regime managed barely a fifth of the nationwide territory. With Russian and Iranian assist, Damascus has clawed again a lot of the bottom misplaced within the early levels of the battle. Moscow deployed its air pressure to Syria in 2015 in assist of Assad and usually engages in bombing raids.

The final pocket of armed opposition to the regime contains massive swathes of Syria’s Idlib province and components of the neighbouring Aleppo, Hama and Latakia provinces.

Turkish forces, which again some insurgent teams, are deployed within the rebel-held space the place the primary entrance strains within the battle, which spiralled out of protests in opposition to Assad regime in 2011, have been largely frozen for a number of years.

Pulitzer Prize board honours ‘courage’ of Ukrainian journalists | Media News

Journalists of Ukraine awarded a ‘particular quotation’ by prestigious Pulitzer board for protection of Russia’s invasion.

The board of the distinguished Pulitzer Prizes has honoured Ukrainian journalists for his or her “braveness, endurance and dedication to truthful reporting” on Russia’s continuing invasion of their nation.

The board awarded a “particular quotation” to the journalists of Ukraine as New York’s Columbia College on Monday introduced the 2022 winners of the annual journalism awards.

“The Pulitzer Prize board is happy to award a particular quotation to the journalists of Ukraine for his or her braveness, endurance and dedication to truthful reporting throughout Vladimir Putin’s ruthless invasion of their nation and his propaganda war in Russia,” mentioned prize administrator Marjorie Miller.

“Regardless of bombardment, abductions, occupation and even deaths of their ranks, they’ve endured of their effort to supply an accurate picture of a horrible actuality, doing honour to Ukraine and to journalists all over the world,” she added.

A minimum of seven journalists, together with three from Ukraine, have been killed since Russia launched a full-scale invasion of its neighbour on February 24, in line with the Committee to Defend Journalists (CPJ).

CPJ additionally says on its website that it’s investigating 5 different journalists’ deaths in Ukraine “to find out in the event that they had been work-related”.

“Scores extra have confronted shelling, taking pictures and detention as they work to supply very important details about the invasion. Russian journalists have been detained and threatened throughout Moscow’s crackdown on unbiased Russian media, and lots of have fled the nation,” the group says.

The annual Pulitzers are probably the most prestigious awards in US journalism, with particular consideration typically paid to the general public service award.

This yr that prize went to the Washington Submit for its protection of the siege of the United States Capitol in January 2021, when a mob of former President Donald Trump’s supporters stormed the constructing to cease Congress from certifying Joe Biden’s election victory.

The New York Occasions scooped up probably the most information Pulitzers this yr with three.

The newspaper received the worldwide reporting class for exposing the huge civilian toll of US-led bombings throughout the Center East, together with in Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan.

It additionally took the award for nationwide reporting for its investigation into deadly police traffic stops across the US.

In the meantime, the Pulitzer board made word of the “difficult and harmful occasions for journalists all over the world”, noting that eight Mexican journalists were murdered this yr whereas instances of assault and intimidation towards journalists in Afghanistan and Myanmar even have been reported.

A Toxic Feed: Social media and teen mental health | Social Media

From: Fault Lines

Fault Strains investigates whether or not social media exacerbates America’s youth psychological well being disaster.

In 2021, a whistleblower inside Fb disclosed a trove of paperwork exhibiting that the corporate had studied its personal platforms’ poisonous results on teen ladies.

The revelations struck a chord with Hillary Hamilton, a mom in Colorado who spent greater than a 12 months investigating whether or not social media could have contributed to her daughter’s dying by suicide in 2020.

For years, researchers have linked consuming issues, physique picture points, and different psychological well being issues with the enterprise mannequin powering social media. Corporations use laptop algorithms to hook customers into spending ever extra time on their platforms, after which use that knowledge to promote ads. Now Hamilton and younger folks themselves are calling for better regulation of the business.

Fault Strains examines the impact of social media on the psychological well being of youngsters.

Musk’s #TwitterTakeover: What next for the ‘digital town square’? | Social Media

From: The Listening Post

One of many world’s richest males and ‘free speech absolutist’ Musk acquires Twitter, prompting debates over the way forward for the platform. Plus, Mexican journalists in peril.

Elon Musk is closing in on shopping for Twitter for $44bn, taking management of a platform the place everybody appears indignant about one thing. It’s not but clear if the billionaire is aware of simply what he’s entering into.

Contributors:
Rasha Abdul-Rahim – Director, Amnesty Tech
Abe Brown – Senior editor, Forbes
Evan Greer – Director, Struggle for the Future
Edward Ongweso Jr – Employees author, Motherboard
Shadma Shaikh – Co-founder, FactorDaily

On our radar:

Newbie hour: The Kremlin accuses its adversaries of plotting to kill a Russian journalist however the proof doesn’t add up. Producer Johanna Hoes on Putin’s weird allegations.

Mexican journalism – a combat to the demise:

Journalism, on the run. Mexico, its tradition of violence towards reporters who’re killed, with impunity.

Contributors:
Andrés Manuel López Obrador – President of Mexico
Reyna Haydee Ramírez – Journalist & co-founder, Purple Sonora de Periodistas
Ana Cristina Ruelas – Former director, Article 19, Mexico and Central America & Researcher, El Colegio de México A C Seminar on Violence and Peace