In July, legal teams staged virtually 90 assaults on the police and navy, killing 13 law enforcement officials, monitor says.
Colombian President Gustavo Petro has named new commanders for the navy and the police, saying he selected the officers as a result of they haven’t been accused of corruption or human rights violations.
Colombia and the Nationwide Liberation Military (ELN) insurgent group additionally took steps on Friday to restart peace talks.
Colombia’s safety forces have a protracted historical past of corruption scandals and human rights abuses dedicated throughout the nation’s practically six many years of battle.
“The idea of human safety signifies that success lies not within the variety of useless, however in considerably decreasing deaths, massacres and rising considerably individuals’s liberties and rights,” Petro informed a information convention on Friday to call his new officers.
Petro mentioned his standards for choosing the brand new commanders have been “zero corruption, zero violation of basic rights”.
Enemy dying tolls would stop to be a purpose for the promotion of safety personnel, he added.
Petro, a critic of Colombia’s navy institution and former member of the M-19 armed group, promised throughout his election marketing campaign profound modifications to the nation’s safety forces and he urged the brand new officers to guard life.
Common Helder Fernan Giraldo was named commander of the armed forces, Common Luis Mauricio Ospina is to direct the military and Vice Admiral Francisco Hernando Cubides will head the navy. Common Luis Carlos Cordoba will direct the air drive and Common Henry Armando Sanabria the nationwide police.
Armed battle has plagued Colombia for nearly 60 years, inflicting about 450,000 deaths between 1985 and 2018 alone.
‘Want for peace’
Colombia’s nationwide peace commissioner, Danilo Rueda, mentioned on Friday that the federal government would take the required “judicial and political steps” to make peace talks potential with ELN after a gathering between the representatives of each side in Havana, Cuba.
Observers contemplate it probably that these steps will embody lifting arrest warrants for ELN negotiators who’re presently residing in exile in Cuba.
“We consider that the ELN has the identical want for peace because the Colombian authorities,” Rueda mentioned in an announcement. “And hope that they’re listening to the various voices in several territories who’re searching for a peaceable resolution to this armed battle.”
Peace talks between Colombia’s earlier authorities and the ELN have been terminated in 2019 after the rebels set off a automobile bomb at a police academy in Bogota and killed greater than 20 cadets.
Following that incident, Colombian authorities issued arrest warrants for ELN leaders who have been in Cuba for peace negotiations. However Cuba refused to extradite them, arguing that doing so would compromise its standing as a impartial nation within the battle and break with diplomatic protocols.
The US responded by putting Cuba on its listing of state sponsors of terrorism.
Petro has mentioned he needs to start out peace talks with the nation’s remaining armed teams to cut back violence in rural areas and produce lasting peace to the nation of fifty million individuals.
A 2016 peace deal between the federal government and the nation’s largest insurgent group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), helped scale back kidnappings, homicides and compelled displacement.
However violence has picked up in some components of the nation as FARC holdouts, drug trafficking teams and the ELN combat over cocaine smuggling routes, unlawful mines and different sources that have been deserted by the FARC.
The ELN has an estimated 2,500 fighters in Colombia. It additionally runs drug trafficking routes, extortion rackets and unlawful mines in neighbouring Venezuela.
In July, legal teams staged virtually 90 assaults on the police and navy, killing 13 law enforcement officials, in keeping with CERAC, a think-tank that screens violence in Colombia. That made it one of the harmful months for Colombia’s armed forces previously 20 years.