Turkey’s Erdogan renews case for Syria operation at Tehran talks | Turkey-Syria Border News

President Erdogan says Turkey desires extra assist from Russia and Iran, however can battle ‘terrorist’ organisations with no need any help.

Tehran, Iran – Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has renewed warnings that Ankara may launch a brand new navy operation in northern Syria, as he met his Russian and Iranian counterparts in Tehran.

Erdogan, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Iran’s President Ebrahim Raisi held a summit on Syria within the Iranian capital on Tuesday to resolve variations.

Russia, Turkey and Iran have lately held talks as a part of the so-called “Astana peace course of” to finish greater than 11 years of battle within the Center Jap nation.

Erdogan has mentioned in current months that he’ll quickly launch a navy operation concentrating on Kurdish fighters that Turkey considers “terrorists” within the cities of Tal Rifaat and Manbij. Situated west of the Euphrates River, the cities are managed by the Syrian Kurdish armed group, the Individuals’s Safety Models (YPG).

Ankara considers the YPG a “terrorist” group and says it’s linked to home armed fighters belonging to the Kurdistan Staff’ Celebration (PKK), which Turkey has additionally designated as a “terrorist” organisation. The PKK has waged an armed rebellion towards Turkey since 1984, and tens of 1000’s of individuals have died within the battle.

The Turkish authorities has accused the YPG of attacking Turkish safety forces in Syria.

Turkey desires extra assist from Russia and Iran however is able to persevering with its battle towards “terrorist” organisations in Syria with no need any help, Erdogan mentioned on Tuesday, reiterating his plan to determine a 30km (18.5 miles) so-called “protected zone” from Turkey’s southern border with Syria.

“You say you perceive Turkey’s issues and we thanks for this,” Erdogan mentioned, addressing Putin and Raisi. “However phrases alone are usually not sufficient.”

Earlier, Iran’s Supreme Chief Ayatollah Ali Khamenei warned towards such an operation and the Kremlin has beforehand proven opposition to a brand new Turkish incursion.

Each Putin and Raisi voiced their help for the Astana format as efficient in lowering violence and elevating hopes for a diplomatic answer in Syria. They expressed opposition to overseas intervention and the theft of the nation’s oil and assets – a jab geared toward the USA.

“We emphasised that the Syrian authorities should have management over all areas within the nation. Subsequently there isn’t a justification for the presence of People east of Euphrates they usually should exit that space,” Raisi advised a press convention following the summit.

All three leaders mentioned they want to press on with making an attempt to resolve points in Syria via dialogue and expressed their want to assist tens of millions of displaced Syrian residents, a lot of whom have migrated to Turkey.

“Syria’s future should be decided by Syrians themselves and with none dictation from the skin,” Putin mentioned in the course of the press convention, in phrases that have been additionally echoed by Raisi.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan claps as Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi concludes his speech during their joint press briefing at the Saadabad Palace, in Tehran.
Turkey desires extra assist from Russia and Iran however is able to persevering with its battle towards “terrorist” organisations in Syria with no need any help, Erdogan mentioned [Vahid Salemi/AP Photo]

Joint assertion

The three leaders, who had additionally held bilateral talks on Tuesday previous to the summit, then launched a joint assertion that contained their agreements on Syria’s future.

Within the assertion, they “expressed their dedication to proceed working collectively to fight terrorism in all types and manifestations”.

Nonetheless, in addition they “rejected all makes an attempt to create new realities on the bottom below the pretext of combating terrorism” and dedicated themselves to sustaining Syria’s sovereignty.

They additional agreed that calm should be maintained within the “de-escalation” space beforehand negotiated in and round Idlib.

Coming shortly after the UN prolonged cross-border humanitarian help into Syria for six months, the leaders referred to as on the UN and different stakeholders to extend their help “with out discrimination, politicisation, and preconditions”.

The three presidents additionally condemned Israeli navy assaults, together with on civilian infrastructure in Syria, and regarded it as “violating worldwide legislation” and destabilising the area.

They introduced that the subsequent Astana format trilateral assembly will happen in Russia earlier than the tip of 2022.

The summit got here as Syria’s state-run SANA company reported that the nation’s overseas minister, Faisal Mekdad, arrived in Tehran late on Tuesday. Mekdad is scheduled to have a gathering along with his Iranian counterpart Hossein Amirabdollahian on Wednesday.

Ramadan: Hagia Sophia a glimpse of Turkey’s modern transformation | Religion News

Istanbul, Turkey – With the top of twilight protecting this metropolis, the sound of Isha prayer breathes closely across the advanced of Hagia Sophia.

As Muslims and non-Muslims – some vacationers, some not – manoeuvre their approach in direction of the vintage marvel, many wait to hope and likewise expertise the particular tarawih prayers resuming within the museum-turned-mosque after 88 years this Ramadan.

Ibrahim Cetin, 50, is visiting the Grand Mosque of Hagia Sophia for the primary time and stays overwhelmed with feelings.

“Regardless of residing on this metropolis for the previous 30 years, I’m entering into this constructing for the primary time as a result of I need to pray tarawih right here,” he informed Al Jazeera.

“I’m extraordinarily joyful that it’s a mosque once more. It’s arduous to say it in phrases to explain what this second means for me,” he added as he broke down in tears.

Hagia Sophia all through time stood as a central emblem of historic battles and shifts: the monument has been coveted and mourned by emperors, sultans, and modern-day politicians.

It has been a cathedral, a mosque, a museum, and now a mosque once more after Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan introduced the choice in 2020. The primary prayer was then held underneath the constructing’s sky-high dome on July 24 that yr.

Erdogan’s transfer received a lot of backlash and was deemed to be “politically motivated” by critics. Nuh Atikoglu, 52, a customer to Hagia Sophia echoed comparable views.

“It doesn’t matter to me if it’s a mosque or a museum. I’m detached since there’s the Blue Mosque shut by as properly. Erdogan took this resolution to distract Turkish residents from the continuing political disaster at the moment,” Atikoglu mentioned.

The conversion, nonetheless, was additionally thought-about to be a longstanding demand of Turkish conservatives. Cetin had “by no means anticipated that Hagia Sophia will probably be a mosque once more, however it’s a monument belonging to our Ottoman forefathers”, he mentioned.

Hagia Sophia all through time stood as a central emblem of historic battles and shifts [Hajira Maryam/Al Jazeera]

Altering that means with historical past

Within the first 900 years of its existence, Hagia Sophia was central to Byzantine tradition and politics. Thought-about an architectural marvel, it was constructed as a basilica for the Greek Orthodox Christian Church in 537 CE in the course of the reign of Emperor Justinian I.

Due to this fact, though it stands nonetheless in its type and construction, its that means stays fluid, reflecting the political transformations of outdated and fashionable Turkey.

A big historic shift for the constructing befell in 1453 when Sultan Mehmed II conquered Istanbul. Jubilant on seeing the grand monument, he prevented its destruction and transformed it right into a mosque.

“Mehmed II is a particularly mental chief, his mom is a Christian so he needs to steer the Christians of the town, and somewhat than destroying Hagia Sophia, he expanded it,” mentioned Kaya Genc, writer of, The Lion and the Nightingale.

Hagia Sophia turned the symbol of imperial and sacred prestige for the Ottoman empire – it stood alongside in significance with the Kaaba in Mecca and the Dome of Rock in Jerusalem.

Inside conversions additionally befell throughout Ottoman rule. Islamic roundels – that includes the names of God, Prophet Muhammad, the primary 4 caliphs, and the prophet’s two grandsons – have been held on the columns within the nave.

A mihrab – an altar that signifies the course of Mecca – was put in within the wall.

The mihrab in Hagia Sophia is correct underneath the Mosaic of the Theotokos, “as a result of the course of Mecca is in the identical approach in direction of the east, there was no requirement of shifting the course or focus inside the Church”, mentioned an artwork historian who requested to stay nameless due to sensitivities over Hagia Sophia.

To additional add an Islamic character to the constructing, 4 minarets and the minbar have been additionally added all through its historical past underneath the Ottomans.

“The constructing itself affected the buildings that have been to come back later, with the development of imperial mosques in Constantinople and Istanbul. Their type, their dimension, the complexes that shaped round all of them affected the development of imperial non secular buildings all through the Muslim world.”

Hagia Sophia turned the image of imperial and sacred status for the Ottoman empire – it stood alongside in significance with the Kaaba in Mecca and the Dome of Rock in Jerusalem [Hajira Maryam/Al Jazeera]

The trendy period

Because the Ottoman Empire declined firstly of the twentieth century, Turkey turned a secular republic in 1923. The political shift from an empire to changing into a republic additionally led Hagia Sophia to amass one other that means because it was became a museum in 1934.

Genc mentioned this was strategic political continuity for the importance of the constructing.

“What Ataturk did in 1935 is a type of continuity within the new fashionable Turkish society. Simply as Islam is the continuation of Christianity, secularism is the continuation of Islam in its fashionable model. The formation of the republic got here as a result of modernised Islamists of that period.

“However the extra non secular sections of the society have been upset, simply how Christians have been when Mehmed II transformed the monument right into a mosque within the fifteenth century,” he added.

For Turkish conservatives right now, the conversion again to a mosque marked the fulfilment of a long-held ambition of restoring a symbolic monument of Ottoman glory.

“Ataturk made a immediate resolution as properly – it was sudden and temporary. Erdogan, too, made a sudden and temporary announcement over Twitter to alter it again right into a mosque,” Kaya mentioned.

Final week, Erdogan additionally inaugurated the Hagia Sophia Fatih Madrassa in Istanbul. The Madrassah was constructed by Mehmed II, serving as the primary madrassah of the town subsequent to Hagia Sophia, and was demolished in the course of the republican period.

Talking on the inauguration ceremony, Erdoğan mentioned his authorities was happy “to offer again the town one other essential construction whose traces have been intentionally erased”.

After Hagia Sophia’s re-conversion to a mosque, the mosaics inside are once more coated with white sheets, the Islamic roundels stay hanging, golden chandeliers mild up the colossal area, and a turquoise carpet covers the ground as folks pray tarawih.

Hamza Cheroui, 32, a vacationer visiting from Belgium, mentioned he was ecstatic about its conversion. As a Muslim residing within the West, Hamza mentioned, Erdogan’s resolution was largely criticised by folks holding “anti-Islamic sentiments” in Europe.

As a frequent customer to Hagia Sophia through the years, the area “feels extra spacious and clear than it did as a museum”, he informed Al Jazeera.

For a lot of Turks, the conversion again to a mosque marked the fulfilment of a long-held ambition of restoring a symbolic monument of Ottoman glory [Hajira Maryam/Al Jazeera]