World Cup Countdown: South America | World Cup

From: World Cup Countdown

Can Messi match Maradona? Will Brazil finish its 20-year wait? Al Jazeera will get the South American perspective forward of the Center East’s first FIFA World Cup.

Qatar 2022 kicks off on November 21 and the clock is ticking.

Al Jazeera’s month-to-month World Cup Countdown offers you a worldwide perspective from each area forward of the Center East’s first-ever FIFA World Cup.

The primary episode will give attention to South America, with particular reviews from Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires, in addition to professional evaluation from soccer broadcasters Juan Arango and Eli Mengem.

We’ll hit all the key speaking factors, as Messi seeks to match Maradona and Brazil look to finish their 20-year anticipate the trophy.

10 of the Largest Construction Projects in the World

What involves thoughts when you think about the world’s largest constructing initiatives? You are right in the event you guessed airports, canals, and subways. And, after all, industrial complexes and utility initiatives are included. Nonetheless, a few of the present initiatives included on the checklist could shock you, such because the Worldwide Area Station and an amusement complicated modeled like Disney World.

Dubai’s Al Maktoum Worldwide Airport

Center East, United Arab Emirates, Dubai, new Al Maktoum airport was a large improvement challenge. Bowman, Charles No different airport compares to Dubai’s Al Maktoum Worldwide Airport, which spans over 21 sq. miles. The ability is able to dealing with 200 wide-body plane concurrently. The second section of the airport’s improvement is anticipated to price greater than $32 billion. Initially anticipated to be accomplished in 2018, the most recent enlargement section has been postponed, and no completion date has been established.

Saudi Arabia, Jubail II

Jubail Trade Metropolis was a large constructing challenge in Saudi Arabia’s Center Japanese Cultureia. Getty Photos / Ali Al Mubarak Jubail II is a 22-year-old industrial metropolis extension challenge with a $11 billion enlargement price range. It began its second section in 2014. It’ll ultimately embrace at the least 100 industrial models, an 800,000-cubic-meter desalination plant, miles of trains, roads, and highways, and an oil refinery capable of generating at the least 350,000 barrels per day. The full project is scheduled to conclude in 2024.

Dubailand is positioned in Dubai.

Dubailand, positioned in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, was a large improvement challenge. Getty Photos / Matilde Gattoni Three Walt Disney Worlds could also be included contained in the Dubailand complicated. Dubailand, which might cowl an space of 278 sq. kilometers and value $64 billion, can be divided into six sections: amusement parks, sports activities arenas, eco-tourism, well being services, scientific points of interest, and inns. Moreover, it’ll have the world’s largest resort, with 6,500 rooms, and a 10-million-square-foot shopping center. The challenge is anticipated to be accomplished in 2025.

Area, Worldwide Area Station

Worldwide Area Station constructing was an astronomically huge enterprise. Britannica/UIG / Getty Photos Each 92 minutes, the Worldwide Area Station (ISS) rounds the globe. It’s being constructed at a price of greater than $60 billion by a collaboration of 15 nations and 5 house businesses. The house station’s whole price and anticipated extensions would possibly strategy $1 trillion, at which era it may turn out to be a residence for as much as 1 million extraterrestrial folks.

China’s South-North Water Switch Mission

The South-North Water Transfer Project in China’s Qinghai province was a large constructing enterprise. Getty Photos / Christophe Boisvieux Though the north of China is dwelling to about half of the nation’s inhabitants, it solely possesses round 20% of the nation’s water assets. To handle this imbalance, China has sponsored the constructing of three large canals, every greater than 600 miles lengthy, that can transport water from China’s three main rivers to the north. The challenge is scheduled to be accomplished in 48 years. When absolutely operational, it’ll present 44.8 billion cubic meters of water per 12 months.

Crossrail Mission in London

Males engaged in constructing work on the Crossrail subterranean metro system in London. Getty Photos / Lionel Derimais The world’s first subterranean railway system continues to broaden, with the addition of 26 miles of tube connecting 40 stops. Building is anticipated to price $23 billion. The challenge is slated to be accomplished in phases, with the primary new line—the Elizabeth line—anticipated to open in 2019 and the extra strains following in 2020.

California’s Excessive-Pace Railway

Trains Touring Alongside A Railroad Monitor With A Metropolis within the Background Getty Photos / Ren Morales California’s high-speed rail construction began in 2015 and is slated to conclude in 2029. It’ll hyperlink eight of the state’s ten main cities, stretching from San Diego to San Francisco. The challenge is split into two phases: The primary section will hyperlink Los Angeles to San Francisco; the second section will broaden the connection to San Diego and Sacramento. The practice can be completely electrical, run totally on renewable vitality, and able to reaching speeds of as much as 200 miles per hour.

Japan’s Chuo Shinkansen

Pond 5 inside Sellafield Getty Photos / Barry Lewis Formally generally known as the Linear Chuo Shinkansen, Japan’s latest high-speed practice line will join Tokyo and Nagoya, a distance of 286 kilometers, in 40 minutes at a high velocity of 505 kilometers per hour. This part of the high-speed route is predicted to be accomplished by 2027. An additional section will see the railway prolonged to Osaka. The Tokyo-Nagoya line can be underground for about 86 p.c of its size, necessitating main tunnel development. This magnetic levitation (a.okay.a. “maglev”) practice is the world’s quickest.

Beijing Worldwide Airport, China

Beijing, China, Beijing Capital Worldwide Airport. A portion of the brand new Terminal 3 constructing, which opened in February 2008 and is the world’s second largest construction. Getty Photos / Christian Kober Beijing Worldwide Airport will finally outperform Dubai’s Al Maktoum Worldwide Airport by way of price, whole sq. miles, passenger and plane capability. The primary part of the airport was completed in time for the 2008 Olympic Video games. Further enlargement is predicted to be accomplished by 2025. Terminal 1, constructed by Zaha Hadid, embodies quite a lot of sustainable design rules inside a future architectural shell.

Libya’s Nice Man-Made River Mission

Truck with colossal pipe Getty Photos / Friedrich Schmidt Since 1985, Libya has been creating the “Nice Man-Made River” (GMR) challenge. It’s the world’s largest irrigation challenge. When completed, it might irrigate over 350,000 acres of agricultural land and considerably increase ingesting water availability within the majority of Libya’s metropolitan areas. The challenge’s water provide comes from the subterranean Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System. The challenge is anticipated to be accomplished in 2030.

World military spending tops $2 trillion for first time: SIPRI | News

The US, China, India, UK and Russia had been the highest 5 defence spenders, in response to new knowledge by defence suppose tank SIPRI.

The worldwide army expenditure has reached an all-time excessive, passing $2 trillion in 2021, in response to a report by a number one defence think-tank based mostly in Sweden, as spending elevated for the seventh consecutive yr.

America, China, India, the UK and Russia had been the highest 5 defence spenders, collectively accounting for 62 p.c of the worldwide expenditure, in response to new knowledge printed on Monday by the Stockholm Worldwide Peace Analysis Institute (SIPRI).

“In 2021 army spending rose for the seventh consecutive time to succeed in $2.1 trillion. That’s the highest determine now we have ever had,” Diego Lopes da Silva, senior researcher at SIPRI, instructed AFP information company.

Regardless of the financial fallout of the worldwide COVID pandemic, nations around the globe increased their arsenals, with international army spending rising by 0.7 p.c final yr, in response to SIPRI.

Russia, which invaded Ukraine on February 24, noticed its spending develop by 2.9 p.c – the third yr of consecutive progress – to $65.9bn.

A convoy of Russian armored vehicles moves along a highway in Crimea
Russia, which invaded Ukraine on February 24, noticed its spending develop by 2.9 p.c [File: AP Photo]

Defence spending accounted for 4.1 p.c of Russia’s gross home product (GDP), “a lot increased than the world common”, and made Moscow the fifth largest spender on the earth, Lopes da Silva mentioned.

In 2014, when Russia annexed Crimea, the nation was additionally focused with sanctions concurrently power costs fell, making it troublesome to gauge how efficient sanctions had been on their very own.

On the opposite facet, Ukraine’s army spending has risen by 72 p.c because the annexation of Crimea. Whereas spending declined by greater than eight p.c in 2021 to $5.9bn, it nonetheless accounted for 3.2 p.c of Ukraine’s GDP.

NATO nations step up spending

As tensions have elevated in Europe, extra NATO nations have stepped up spending.

Eight member nations final yr reached the focused two p.c of GDP for spending, one fewer than the yr earlier than however up from solely two in 2014, SIPRI mentioned.

Lopes da Silva mentioned he anticipated spending in Europe to proceed to develop.

The US, which far outspent some other nation with $801bn, truly went in opposition to the worldwide development and decreased its spending by 1.4 p.c in 2021.

Over the previous decade, US spending on analysis and improvement has risen by 24 p.c whereas arms procurement has gone down by 6.4 p.c.

Whereas each decreased in 2021, the drop in analysis was not as pronounced, highlighting the nation’s focus “on next-generation applied sciences”.

“The US authorities has repeatedly burdened the necessity to protect the US army’s technological edge over strategic opponents,” Alexandra Marksteiner, one other researcher at SIPRI, mentioned in an announcement.

China, the world’s second largest army spender at an estimated $293bn, boosted its expenditure by 4.7 p.c, marking the twenty seventh straight yr of elevated spending.

The nation’s army buildup has in flip triggered its regional neighbours to beef up their army budgets, with Japan including $7bn, a rise of seven.3 p.c – the very best annual enhance since 1972.

Australia additionally spent 4 p.c extra on its army, reaching $31.8bn in 2021.

India, the world’s third largest spender at $76.6bn, additionally elevated funding in 2021, however by a extra modest 0.9 p.c.

The UK took the quantity 4 spot, with a 3 p.c enhance in army spending to $68.4bn, changing Saudi Arabia which as an alternative decreased spending by 17 p.c to an estimated $55.6bn.